19500100 0000 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
January 1, 1950 (Sunday)
- The International Police Association (IPA), largest police organization
in the world, was formed. One of the few organizations with a slogan in
Esperanto, the IPA's motto is Servo per Amikeco (Service through
Friendship). It claims 380,000 members in 63 nations.
- The U.S. social security payroll tax was increased by half, as the
amount deducted was given an automatic increase from 1% to 1.5%, the first
increase since the payroll deductions had started in 1935.
- In 1954, it was decided that starting from January 1, 1950, Radiocarbon
Dating could not be relied upon due to atmospheric testing of nuclear
weapons resulting in a change of the Carbon level from Carbon-14 to
Carbon-12. Calibration Curves were first established in this year, and so
any time before January 1, 1950, is referred to as BP, or Before Present.
Any Radiocarbon dating after this may not be accurately reliable.
January 2, 1950 (Monday)
- 1949 college football season: The post-season bowl games were played the
day after New Year's Day because January 1 had fallen on Sunday. In the Rose
Bowl, previously unbeaten (10-0-0) #3 California was upset by #6 Ohio State
before a crowd of 100,963 Unbeaten (10-0-0) #2 Oklahoma won 35-0 over #9 LSU
in the Sugar Bowl. The other two unbeaten college teams of 1949, #1 Notre
Dame and #4 Army, did not play in a bowl game. The final AP and UPI polls
had already been taken prior to the bowl games, with Notre Dame being the
unofficial national champion.
- Born: David Shifrin, American clarinet artist
- Died: Emil Jannings (Theodor Emil Janenz), 65, Swiss-born film
star, winner of the first (1929) Academy Award for Best Actor, and later the
star of German propaganda films
January 3, 1950 (Tuesday)
- Egyptian parliamentary election, 1950: Egypt held elections for its
Chamber of Deputies, with the Wafdist Party winning a majority, taking 161
of 319 seats. The Saadist Party, led by former Prime Minister Ibrahim Abdel
Hadi Pasha, lost in a landslide, going from control to winning only 24
seats. Mustafa el-Nahhas became the new Premier on January 12, and would
remain in power until January 27, 1952.
- Born: Victoria Principal, American TV actress and entrepreneur,
at USAF base in Fukuoka, Japan
January 4, 1950 (Wednesday)
- U.S. President Truman delivered his State of the Union address to
Congress and asked for a tax increase, with "changes in our tax system which
will reduce present inequities, stimulate business activity, and yield a
moderate amount of additional revenue".
- The New York Sun, which had published every afternoon since 1833,
had its final issue. The operation was bought by the rival evening paper,
the New York World-Telegram.
- Died: George P. Putnam, 62, American publisher who had been the
husband of Amelia Earhart when she disappeared in 1937. After she was
declared dead in 1939, Putnam, who had been the high bidder for Charles
Lindbergh's autobiography, remarried twice.
January 5, 1950 (Thursday)
- President Truman said in a press conference that "The United States
government will not pursue a course which will lead to involvement in the
civil conflict in China", and that American policy would be to not intervene
to save the island of Taiwan from conquest by the Communist government of
- U.S. Army Lt. Col. Charles A. Willoughby, who was Chief of Intelligence
for General Douglas MacArthur, provided the first reports that North Korea
was planning an invasion of South Korea, possibly as early as March.
- Born: John Manley, Canadian Minister of Industry 1995-2000,
Foreign Affairs Minister 2000-2002, and Deputy Prime Minister 2002-2003; in
Ottawa; and Charlie Richmond, American inventor and entrepreneur, in Pomona,
January 6, 1950 (Friday)
- The United Kingdom gave diplomatic recognition to the People's Republic
of China and the Communist regime of Mao Zedong as the legitimate government
of the nation of 460,000,000 people. Norway, Denmark and Ceylon (now Sri
Lanka) followed suit.
- Workmen renovating the White House found a small marble box that had
been buried underneath a floor slab commemorating the last renovation. The
box, which contained three Washington, D.C. newspapers, 27 cents and the
label from a bottle of Maryland rye whiskey, had apparently been placed
there on December 2, 1902. President Truman ordered that the contents, along
with current newspapers, be sealed up again and that the box be reburied
"somewhere in the reconstruction now going on."
- Born: Louis Freeh, American judge, FBI Director 1993-2001; in
Jersey City, New Jersey; and his immediate successor, Thomas J. Pickard,
Acting FBI Director June 25 to September 4, 2001, in Woodside, New York
- Died: Isaiah Bowman, 71, Canadian-American geographer
January 7, 1950 (Saturday)
- A fire at the women's psychiatric ward at Mercy Hospital in Davenport,
Iowa, killed 40 patients. All had been trapped inside the locked building.
Another 25 were able to escape their locked rooms with the assistance of
fire and police, who pulled the iron bars off of their windows.
- Born: Erin Gray, American TV actress, in Honolulu; Shantha Sinha,
Indian activist against child labor, in Nellore; and Juan Gabriel, Mexican
singer, as Alberto Aguilera Valdez in Parácuaro
- Died: Monty Banks (Mario Bianchi), 52, Italian comedian; and
Nathaniel Reed, 87, American outlaw nicknamed "Texas Jack"
January 8, 1950 (Sunday)
- Kwame Nkrumah began the "Positive Action" campaign in the British
African colony of the Gold Coast (now Ghana), calling for labor strikes
against the colonial government. Governor Charles Arden-Clarke would declare
a state of emergency three days later.
- Died: Joseph Schumpeter, 66, Austrian-American economist; and
Helene Hathaway Britton, 70, former owner of baseball's St. Louis Cardinals
January 9, 1950 (Monday)
- Nationalist Chinese warships shelled an American freighter, the
Flying Arrow, in international waters after the ship had run a blockade
- President Truman submitted the annual federal budget, calling for the
spending of $42,439,000,000 in the 1952 Fiscal Year. The budget had a
deficit of more than five billion dollars, and the accompanying budget
message was, at 27,000 words, the "longest presidential message in history".
January 10, 1950 (Tuesday)
- Yakov Malik, the Soviet Ambassador to the U. N., angrily walked out of a
session of the United Nations Security Council, after the ten members voted
8-2 against replacing the Nationalist Chinese delegation with one from the
Communist Chinese leaders who had taken control of nearly all of China in
October. Although the Nationalist government was confined to the island of
Taiwan, it continued to be allowed to speak for, and to exercise the veto
power for, the 460 million people in China.
- Born: Ernie Wasson, American horticulturalist and author of
gardening books, in Berkeley, California
January 11, 1950 (Wednesday)
- British Prime Minister Clement Attlee set new parliamentary elections to
take place nationwide on February 23.
January 12, 1950 (Thursday)
- The death penalty was partially restored in the Soviet Union, after
having been abolished on May 26, 1947. It was retroactively applied to
"traitors, spies, subversives, and saboteurs" regardless of when the alleged
- The British submarine Truculent collided with the Swedish oil
tanker Divina in the Thames Estuary and sank, killing 64 people. Only
15 crewmen were able to escape. All of them had been in the conning tower of
the sub, which had been cruising on the surface of the Thames.
- U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson delivered his 'Perimeter Speech',
outlining the boundary of U.S. security guarantees. South Korea was not
included within the area subject to American protection, and would be
invaded from North Korea less than six months later.
- Italy's Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi resigned along with his entire
- Born: Sheila Jackson Lee, U.S. Representative for Texas since
1995, in New York City; and Dorrit Moussaieff, Israeli-born businesswoman
and wife of the President of Iceland, in Jerusalem
January 13, 1950 (Friday)
- The grounds of the United States consulate in Peiping (now Beijing) were
invaded by a group of police and civilian officials, who seized control of
the building housing the offices of Consul General O. Edmund Clubb. The U.S.
Department of State protested unsuccessfully to the new Communist government
of the People's Republic of China, without success.
- Three days after the UN Security Council refused to let the Communist
Chinese government exercise China's veto power, Ambassador Malik left
indefinitely, saying that the U.S.S.R. would not participate in the Security
Council as Nationalist representative T. F. Taiang remained at the table.
The Soviet protest proved to be a blunder, in that the Soviets could have
exercised their veto power when the Security Council voted on June 27, 1950,
to send its forces to combat the North Korean invasion of South Korea in the
- Donald William Russell born in Denver Colorado became author,
songwriter, pastor, chaplain, singer, dancer, sculptor, portrait artist,
videographer, photographer, missionary to Tanzania & Togo and chaplain. (soc
January 14, 1950 (Saturday)
- The day after the invasion of the American consulate in Beijing, the
U.S. State Department ordered the withdrawal of the 135 American diplomatic
personnel remaining in the People's Republic of China, and the closure of
offices in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Nanjing and Qingdao.
- Born: Jagadguru Rambhadracharya, Indian Hindu religious leader,
as Giridhar Mishra in Shandikhur, Uttar Pradesh State
January 15, 1950 (Sunday)
- Juho Kusti Paasikivi won re-election as President of Finland, receiving
172 of the 300 electoral votes in a three party race. The popular vote was
868,693 in favor of Paasikivi and 608,314 for the other two candidates.
- Died: H. H. "Hap" Arnold, 63, General of the Army and later
General of the Air Force, and the only person to hold the five-star general
in two different branches of the U.S. Armed Forces
- Died: Tommy Cook, 49, English sportsman who became a star both in
professional cricket and in soccer football, committed suicide by an
overdose of medication.
- "'Born'" Randolph Joseph Hilfman, editor and famous speller, was born
January 16, 1950 (Monday)
- All Soviet labor camps in East Germany were ordered closed by the Soviet
Control Commission administrator, General Vassily Chuikov. The estimate of
prisoners in the camps was as much as 35,000 and many were subject to
transfer to camps in the Soviet Union.
- Born: Debbie Allen, American choreographer and dancer, in Houston
- Died: Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, 79, former German arms
January 17, 1950 (Tuesday)
- Great Brinks Robbery: Eleven thieves stole more than two million dollars
from the headquarters of the Brinks Armored Car Company at 165 Prince Street
in Boston, Massachusetts. A group of men, wearing Halloween masks, used keys
to walk through five locked doors, walked into the counting room, tied up
the employees at gunpoint, filled 14 bags with money and disappeared. The
haul from the job, which took a year and a half to plan and 17 minutes to
carry out, was $1,218,211.29 in cash and another $1,557,183.83 in checks,
money orders and securities. The gang would be indicted in 1956, only five
days before the statute of limitations on the robbery would have expired.
- 1950 USS Missouri grounding incident: The famous battleship USS
Missouri got stuck at the entrance to Maryland's Chesapeake Bay after
running aground on the shoals, and was stuck for two weeks. The ship would
finally be freed on February 1, after a salvage effort that cost $225,000.
- Favored to win by nine points, and ranked by the AP as the #3 college
basketball team in the U.S., Long Island University lost to North Carolina
State, 55-52, in a game at New York City's Madison Square Garden; an
investigation the following year would reveal that LIU players Eddie Gard
and Dick Feurtado had been paid $2,000 by gambler Salvatore Sollazo to
engage in "point shaving" in order to ensure that LIU lost the game. On
January 2, Kentucky had narrowly defeated Arkansas, in a game where three
players would admit later to accepting $1,000 bribes in return for keeping
the winning margin low.
- Born: Luis López Nieves, Puerto Rican novelist
- Died: Seiichi Hatano, 72, Japanese religious philosopher
January 18, 1950 (Wednesday)
- The first diplomatic recognition of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam,
a nationalist movement led by Ho Chi Minh and controlling much of the
northern areas of Vietnam, was given by the Communist government of the
People's Republic of China, which then began military aid to Ho.
- A bipartisan U.S. Senate Investigating Committee voted to approve a
report rebuking President Truman's military aide, Major General Harry H.
Vaughn, for having accepted a corporate gift of seven home freezers for
himself and other high-ranking officers.
January 19, 1950 (Thursday)
- A request by President Truman, to provide an additional $60 million in
economic aid to South Korea, failed to pass in the U.S. House of
Representatives, 191-193, in "the first flat setback the President has
encountered in his many requests for global recovery funds". By the time a
revised bill passed and was put into effect, the Korean War would begin.
- Pebble in the Sky, the first novel for science fiction author
Isaac Asimov, was published. Previously, all of Asimov's printed works had
been short stories. One estimate places the number of fiction and
non-fiction books written (or, in some cases, edited) by Asimov at 506.
- The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck, the only Canadian-designed fighter
aircraft to be mass-produced, made its first test flight, with Bill
Watterton at the controls.
- Died: Johnny Mann, American test pilot and cross-country flier,
after returning home following an unsuccessful attempt to set a new record
for a non-stop flight from Los Angeles to Miami.
January 20, 1950 (Friday)
- The first autonomous government for the South American territory of
Dutch Guiana, part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands as the "States of
Surinam", began as a 21-member legislative assembly convened its first
- Born: Edward Hirsch, American poet and author, in Chicago
January 21, 1950 (Saturday)
- Former U.S. State Department official, and accused Communist spy, Alger
Hiss was convicted of perjury by a federal jury in New York, based primarily
on the testimony of former Communist, and TIME Magazine editor,
- The village of Tangasar, located in the Kurdish region of Iran, was
buried in an avalanche of ice and snow, killing 44 families.
- The Cocktail Party, a play by T. S. Eliot, began a successful run
on Broadway, and would win the 1950 Tony Award for Best Play.
- Born: Billy Ocean, Trinidadian-British pop singer, as Leslie
Charles in Fyzabad
- Died: George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair), 46, English novelist who
wrote Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm
January 22, 1950 (Sunday)
- Preston Tucker, who had attempted to found his own automobile
manufacturing company after World War II and had created the innovative 1948
Tucker Sedan, was acquitted by a jury on all criminal charges. Tucker and
several associates had been indicted in June, 1949, on charges of mail
fraud, conspiracy, and violation of federal securities laws in the course of
attracting investment in his company.
- Play finishes at the first ever LPGA Tour event, the Tampa Women's Open.
Amateur Polly Riley wins by five shots over Louise Suggs.
- Died: Alan Hale, Sr. (Rufus Mackahan), 57, American film actor
who was the sidekick for Errol Flynn
January 23, 1950 (Monday)
- Israel's parliament, the Knesset, passed a resolution formally
proclaiming that Jerusalem was the nation's capital, although most foreign
embassies remained in the original capital at Tel Aviv. Reports stated only
that "a majority" of the Knesset had approved, and noted that the Knesset
had already moved its meeting place to Jerusalem.
- APRA Coup d'état: In Indonesia, former Netherlands Army Captain Raymond
Westerling led a force of 500 soldiers in an attack on the city of Bandung,
seeking to lead a revolution to drive out the government of President
Sukarno, and to bring the former Dutch East Indies under the control of the
Dutch-sponsored Republic of the United States of Indonesia.
- The U.S. House of Representatives voted 373-25 on a bill to make Alaska
a state, and then approved a similar resolution on Hawaii by voice vote. The
bill then moved to the U.S. Senate for consideration.
- Born: Richard Dean Anderson, American TV actor best known as
MacGyver; in Minneapolis
- Died: Corinne Luchaire, 28, French film actress who starred in
Prison Without Bars
- Died: Vasil Kolarov, 72, Prime Minister of Bulgaria, six months
after succeeding the late Georgi Dimitrov.
January 24, 1950 (Tuesday)
- At his fourth interrogation by MI5 investigator William Skardon, at
Skardon's home near the British atomic research laboratories at Harwell,
Oxfordshire in physicist Klaus Fuchs, German émigré and physicist, confessed
to being a Soviet spy. For seven years, he had passed top secret data on
U.S. and British nuclear weapons research to the Soviet Union;
- The new Constitution of India, declaring the Dominion of India a
Republic, was approved and signed by the 284 members of India's Constituent
Assembly. On the same day, the assembly elected Rajendra Prasad as the
nation's first President, and approved the song Jana Gana Mana was
made the national anthem for the Republic of India.
- Before a crowd of 18,000 at Carls Court Arena in London, American boxer
Joey Maxim (Giuseppe Antonio Berardinelli) defeated the world light
heavyweight champion, England's Freddie Mills in a knockout in the 10th
round to win the world title. Four of Mills's teeth were knocked out as well
during the fight, and legend has it that three of the teeth were later found
embedded in Maxim's boxing gloves.
- Born: Gennifer Flowers, American model who claimed to have been
the mistress of Bill Clinton; in Oklahoma City; and Benjamin Urrutia,
Ecuadorian-born religious scholar, in Guayaquil
January 25, 1950 (Wednesday)
- Minimum wage in the United States was increased from 40 cents an hour to
75 cents an hour, the largest percentage increase (87.5 percent) in the wage
ever. The amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act had been signed into law
by U.S. President Truman on October 26, 1949. In 2016 terms, an 87.5%
increase from $7.25 per hour would be $13.59 per hour.
- Alger Hiss was sentenced to five years imprisonment at the federal
penitentiary in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, following his conviction for
perjury. After entering prison on March 22, 1951, he would serve 44 months
and would be released on November 27, 1954.
- Actress Ingrid Bergman filed a "Mexican divorce" against her husband of
more than 12 years, Dr. Peter Lindstrom, in order to free her to marry film
director Roberto Rossellini.
- Born: Gloria Naylor, African-American novelist, in Robinsonville,
Mississippi; Virginia Johnson, African-American dancer and choreographer, in
- Died: Constancia de la Mora, 43, Spanish Communist author, in an
January 26, 1950 (Thursday)
- 1950 Douglas C-54D-1-DC disappearance: A U.S. Air Force C-54 transport
plane disappeared, along with 36 passengers and a crew of 8, somewhere over
the Yukon territory in Canada. The plane had departed Elmendorf Air Force
Base in Alaska, bound for Great Falls, Montana. More than sixty years later,
the aircraft is still missing.
- As the Dominion of India became the Republic of India, Rajendra Prasad
was sworn in as the first President, replacing the last Governor-General of
India, Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari.
January 27, 1950 (Friday)
- In Washington, DC, the United States signed an individual mutual defense
treaties with each of the member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization (NATO). The U.S. made separate agreements with Belgium,
Denmark, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway and the United
Kingdom, where each nation pledged to come to the defense of the other in
the event of a military attack.
- Muroc Field in Kern County, California was renamed in honor of the late
test pilot, Glen Edwards (pilot), whose name is now memorialized in Edwards
Air Force Base.
- Born: Derek Acorah, English medium and TV personality, as Derek
Johnson in Bootle
- Died: Augusto d'Halmar, 67, Chilean author
January 28, 1950 (Saturday)
- The new Supreme Court of India, whose functions replaced both the
Federal Court of India and Britain's Judicial Committee of the Privy
Council, was inaugurated. The first Chief Justice of India was Sir Harilal
Jekisundas Kania, who had been Chief Justice of the Federal Court, and was
one of the eight justices serving.
- Victor Biaka Boda, a 37 year old member of the French Senate,
representing Côte d'Ivoire, at that time a French West African colony,
disappeared after his car broke down near the town of Bouaflé. His charred
bones would be located ten months later, and according to some sources, the
death inquest on March 30, 1953 would conclude that he had been eaten by
- Born: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain since 2002, in
- Died: Yosef Yitzhak, 69, Maharitz rabbi of the Chabad movement of
Orthodox Judaism; Kansas Joe McCoy, 44, American blues musician
January 29, 1950 (Sunday)
- The French National Assembly voted 401-193 to approve limited
self-government for the State of Vietnam, with the former Emperor Bao Dai
designated as "head of state" rather than as a monarch. The French state
largely controlled the South, while the Soviet-supported Democratic Republic
of Vietnam controlled the North.
- At a convention in Jacksonville, the Federated Klans of Alabama, the
Southern Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, and the Association of Carolina Klans
united into one Ku Klux Klan organization. Not participating was the
Association of Georgia Klans.
- Born: Ann Jillian, American actress, as Ann Jura Nauseda in
Cambridge, Massachusetts; Miklós Vámos, Hungarian writer, in Budapest; and
Jody Scheckter, South African auto racing driver, 1979 Formula One World
Champion, in East London
- Died: Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, 64, Sheik of Kuwait since 1921. He
was succeeded by his brother, Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, who would
become the nation's first Emir on Kuwait's independence in 1961.
- Died: General Sudirman, 34, first Commander-in-Chief of the
Indonesian Armed Forces
January 30, 1950 (Monday)
- North Korea Chairman, Kim Il-sung, was informed that Soviet leader
Joseph Stalin had decided to support Kim's plan for an invasion of South
Korea. Stalin provided the message to Kim by way of Soviet envoy Terenti
Shtykov, after having met with Chinese leader Mao Zedong in Moscow.
- A simulator of the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) was first
demonstrated by Michael Woodger at the Burlington House in London for the
jubilee celebration of the National Physical Laboratory. The first program
would be run on May 10, 1950.
- The NBC TV show Robert Montgomery Presents, a live television
dramatic anthology, made its debut with the secondary name Your Lucky
Strike Theatre. The first hour-long show was "The Letter", starring
- Born: Andrei Bolibrukh, Russian Soviet mathematician, in Moscow
January 31, 1950 (Tuesday)
- U.S. President Harry S. Truman ordered the development of the hydrogen
bomb, after the Soviet Union had become the second nation to acquire the
secret of the atomic bomb on August 29, 1949. "It is my responsibility as
Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces," Truman said in a public statement,
"to see to it that our country is able defend itself against any possible
aggressor. Accordingly, I have directed the Atomic Energy Commission to
continue work on all forms of atomic weapons, including the so-called
hydrogen or super bomb." The first thermonuclear explosion would take place
on November 1, 1952 (a feat which the Soviets would duplicate ten months
later on August 21, 1953). On March 1, 1954, the U.S. would detonate the
- The Soviet Union announced recognition of the Democratic Republic of
Vietnam, led by North Vietnamese Communist Ho Chi Minh.