January 23, 1950 (Monday)
- Israel's parliament, the Knesset, passed a resolution formally proclaiming that Jerusalem was the nation's capital, although most foreign embassies remained in the original capital at Tel Aviv. Reports stated only that "a majority" of the Knesset had approved, and noted that the Knesset had already moved its meeting place to Jerusalem.
- APRA Coup d'état: In Indonesia, former Netherlands Army Captain Raymond Westerling led a force of 500 soldiers in an attack on the city of Bandung, seeking to lead a revolution to drive out the government of President Sukarno, and to bring the former Dutch East Indies under the control of the Dutch-sponsored Republic of the United States of Indonesia.
- The U.S. House of Representatives voted 373-25 on a bill to make Alaska a state, and then approved a similar resolution on Hawaii by voice vote. The bill then moved to the U.S. Senate for consideration.
- Born: Richard Dean Anderson, American TV actor best known as MacGyver; in Minneapolis
- Died: Corinne Luchaire, 28, French film actress who starred in Prison Without Bars
- Died: Vasil Kolarov, 72, Prime Minister of Bulgaria, six months after succeeding the late Georgi Dimitrov.