Mean Temp 28.6°C 83.48°F at Taegu
February 6, 1950 (Monday)
- The Air Force of the Republic of China, flying from the island of Taiwan made a successful bombing raid on the Communist Chinese mainland, striking the People's Republic's largest city, Shanghai; the 17 aircraft, including two B-29 bombers, targeted the power plants of Shanghai's electrical power plants, shutting down the electricity in 90% of the city. According to the PRC, 500 people were killed, 600 were injured and 50,000 were left homeless by the raid.
- Born: Natalie Cole, American singer, in Los Angeles (d. 2015)
- Died: Georges Imbert, 65, German chemist
In 1947, A. Philip Randolph, along with colleague Grant Reynolds, renewed efforts to end discrimination in the armed services, forming the Committee Against Jim Crow in Military Service and training, later renamed the League for Non-Violent Civil Disobedience
Richard Brevard Russell, Jr. Senator from Georgia is a staunch segregationist. He authored an amendment to the Armed Services Draft Law last year that was similar to one he had submitted in 1948. The amendment would allow:
inductees and enlistees, upon their written declaration of intent, to serve in a unit manned exclusively by members of their own race.
Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon told his colleagues that the Russell amendment conflicted with the stated policy of the administration as well as with sound Republican principles. He cited the waste of manpower the amendment would bring about and reminded his colleagues of the international criticism the armed forces had endured in the past because of undemocratic social practices. Other integrationist jumped all over it and in the end it went down to defeat, 45 to 27 with 24 not voting.
In December last year the Committee Against Jim Crow wanted to review racial conditions in the 7th Army. A. Philip Randolph and his associate Grant Reynolds were told by Louis Johnson that military transportation could not be arranged for their travels in Europe.
Marx Leva and James C. Evans
The Committee Against Jim Crow was particularly upset with Johnson's assistants, Marx Leva and the secretary's principal dviser on racial affairs, James C. Evans.
note: The Honorable James C. Evans served five Secretaries of War, ten Secretaries of Defense and six Presidents in his role of overseeing the integration of the U.S. Armed Forces. [note]
Today the President's Committee on Equality of treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Forces, issued the Kenworthy Report "A First Report on the Racial Integration Program of the Air Force" found that of seven installations they visited, only one had a problem:
with the exception of a small number of Negroes assigned to white units, the black airmen at Maxwell Air Force Base were still assigned to the all-black 3817th Base Service Squadron
Edwin Wentworth Kenworthy reported,
"The men, apparently were more ready for equality of treatment and opportunity than the officer corps had realized."