Weather

Korean Climate

Mean Temp 20.9°C 69.62°F at Taegu

Heavy Overcast

1950 Pacific Typhoon Season

Korea Temps - 1950-1953 - Station 143 (Daegu)


Overview

Korean_War

A U.N. commission today reported after checking the ROK's disposition along the parallel, that they were engaged:

"in rounding up guerrillas and were, in any case, entirely lacking in the armor, heavy artillery, and air support necessary to carry off an invasion of North Korea."

It is rather too bad that the UN did not have any observers on the other side of the parallel, because the NKPA were not passing time as innocently as the Southerners.

Korean_War

The 8th Bombardment Squadron (Light) was stationed at Yokota Air Base, outside Tokyo, but today was at Ashiya Kyushu Japan for a FEAF air-defense readiness test.

Korean_War

The squadron flew B-26's and would soon put its testing to the test.

[note]

Korean_War

During the period 15-24 June the North Korean Command moved all Regular Army divisions to the close vicinity of the 38th Parallel, and deployed them along their respective planned lines of departure for the attack on South Korea. Some of these units came from the distant north. Altogether, approximately 80,000 men with their equipment joined those already along the Parallel.

They succeeded in taking their positions for the assault without being detected. The attack units included 7 infantry divisions, 1 armored brigade, 1 separate infantry regiment, 1 motorcycle regiment, and 1 Border Constabulary brigade. This force numbered approximately 90,000 men supported by 150 T34 tanks.

General Chai Ung Jun commanded it. All the thrusts were to follow major roads. In an arc of forty miles stretching from Kaesŏng on the west to Ch'ŏrwŏn on the east the North Koreans concentrated more than half their infantry and artillery and most of their tanks for a converging attack on Sŏul. The main attack was to follow the Uijŏngbu Corridor, an ancient invasion route leading straight south to Sŏul. [03-2]

[note]

Korean_War

by 24 June, [the attack units] were poised at their lines of departure for attack. Officers told their men that they were on maneuvers but most of the latter realized by 23-24 June that it was war. [03-6]

[note]

Korean_War Korean_War

By late June 1950 Darrigo had been at the 38th Parallel for almost six months, a "record" tour in the revolving door KMAG.

He rightly believed that he had become an expert on the ROK Army and the opposing NKPA.

Darrigo's perception of the situation was starkly clear. The NKPA was without any doubt preparing for invasion at any moment. His war warnings had made no discernible impression on KMAG or Sŏul. Despite all his tactful prodding, his outfit - and the ROK Army - was still not properly alerted and disposed for battle. There was still no sense of alarm or urgency.

Half or more of the 1st Division troops were on pass or furlough; only one rifle company of Darrigo's 12th Regiment was deployed at the parallel.[2-74]

[note]

Korean_War Korean_War

By this time Capt. Joseph R. Darrigo was sharing his house with his young, newly arrived KMAG assistant, Lieutenant William E. Hamilton.

On Saturday afternoon, June 24 (Korean time), Hamilton decided he would drive down to Sŏul to "pick up supplies" and, perhaps, enjoy a night on the town.

When Darrigo went to bed that night he felt distinctly lonely; he was the only American Army officer at the 38th Parallel.[2-77]

[note]

Korean_War

On 24 June 1950 a U.N. commission, having made observations along the 38th parallel, could find no evidence that the ROK was using its military force for illegitimate ends; it reported that ROK troops thereabouts were engaged solely

"in rounding up guerrillas and were, in any case, entirely lacking in the armor, heavy artillery, and air support necessary to carry off an invasion of North Korea."

Korean_War Korean_War Korean_War

Unfortunately, China and Russia had been preparing the North Korean regime for an offensive war. For its basic combat strength the North Korean People's Army (NKPA) had raised three regular infantry divisions (10,970 men each), an independent mixed brigade approaching division strength, and five constabulary brigades. The divisions had been formed around seasoned officers and noncommissioned officers who had fought with the Chinese Communist Forces (CCF); the commanding general of the NKPA 3rd Division, for example, had been a member of the CCF Eighth Route Army.

Korean_War

The battle-wise cadres were made up of Koreans who, during the Japanese occupation of their country, had fled to China where, in the Yan'an region, they had been organized into a Korean Volunteer Army for service with the CCF against the Chinese Nationalists.

Many had been in the Korean Volunteer Army for service with the CCF against the Chinese Nationalists.

[note]

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1953 Sunset

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Casualties

Saturday June 24, 1950 (Day -1)

Korean_War 0 Casualties

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Losses
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Aircraft Losses Today 000

Notes for Saturday June 24, 1950

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