The defensive battles on the Masan front during August and
early September brought to a head a problem that had bothered
General Kean ever
Division entered the Korean War; in a larger sense, it
was a problem that had concerned Eighth Army as well. Two of the division's regiments, the 27th and the 35th, had performed well in Korea.
Not so the
Infantry, the division's third regiment. Ever since its
entrance into combat in the Sangju area in July the Negro regiment had given a poor performance, although there were some exceptions and many individual acts of heroism and capable performance of duty.
The unstable nature of the regiment was demonstrated in the fighting on Battle Mountain during August. Then, on the night of 31 August-1 September two battalions evaporated in the face of the enemy, and a large part of them repeated this performance four nights later.