AD-1 Skyraider (Douglas )
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|A-1 (AD) Skyraider
|U.S. Navy A-1H
Skyraider from Attack Squadron VA-152 over
Vietnam in 1966.
Douglas Aircraft Company
||18 March 1945
Gabonese Air Force
||Phased out of service
United States Navy
United States Air Force
South Vietnam Air Force
Douglas A2D Skyshark
The Douglas A-1 Skyraider (formerly AD) was an American
attack aircraft that saw service between the late 1940s and early
1980s. It became a
propeller-driven anachronism in the
and was nicknamed "Spad, after the French
World War I
The Skyraider had a remarkably long and successful career, even
inspiring its straight-winged, slow-flying, jet-powered successor, the
A-10 Thunderbolt II.
It was operated by the
United States Navy (USN), the
U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) and the
United States Air Force (USAF), and also saw service with the
British Royal Navy, the
French Air Force, the
Air Force of the Republic of Vietnam (VNAF), and others.
The XBT2D-1 in 1945.
A VC-35 AD-1Q in the late 1940s.
VC-33 AD-3Q, AD-4N, and AD-5N in 1955.
AD-4W AEW-aircraft landing on the
A VMA-331 AD-5 in flight.
EA-1F (AD-5Q) ECM-aircraft, BuNo 135010, of
A VAW-11 AD-5W aboard
AD-6s from U.S. Navy Attack Squadron 42.
- Single-seat dive-bomber, torpedo-bomber prototype for the U.S.
- Three-seat night attack prototypes; only three aircraft built.
- Photographic reconnaissance prototype; only one built.
- Two-seat electronics countermeasures prototype; one aircraft
- BT2D-2 (XAD-2)
- Upgraded attack aircraft; one prototype only.
- The first production model; 242 built.
- Two-seat electronic countermeasures version of the AD-1; 35
- AD-1 with radar countermeasures and tow target equipment, no
armament and no
water injection equipment.
- Three-seat airborne early warning prototype. AD-3W prototype;
one aircraft only.
- Improved model, powered by 2,700 hp (2,000 kW) Wright R-3350-26W
engine; 156 built.
- Unofficial designation for AD-2s used as remote-control
aircraft, to collect and gather radioactive material in the air
after nuclear tests.
- Two-seat electronics countermeasures version of the AD-2; 21
- AD-2 with radar countermeasures and target towing equipment, no
armament and no water injection equipment; one aircraft only.
- Similar to XBT2D-1 except engine, increased fuel capacity.
- Proposed turboprop version, initial designation of
- Stronger fuselage, improved landing gear, new canopy design; 125
- Anti-submarine warfare model; only two prototypes were built.
- Three-seat night attack version; 15 built.
- Electronics countermeasures version, countermeasures equipment
relocated for better crew comfort; 23 built.
- Target towing aircraft, but most were delivered as the AD-3Q.
- Airborne early warning version; 31 built.
- AD-3W modified for ASW with Aeroproducts propellor
- Strengthened landing gear, improved radar, G-2 compass, anti-G
suit provisions, four 20 mm (.79 in) cannon and 14 Aero rocket
launchers, capable of carrying up to 50 lb (23 kg) of bombs; 372
- Specialized version designed to carry nuclear weapons, also
armed with four 20 mm cannon; 165 built plus 28 conversions.
- Equipped for winter operations in Korea; 63 conversions.
- Three-seat night attack version; 307 built.
- Designation of 100 AD-4Ns without their night-attack equipment,
but fitted with four 20 mm (0.79 in) cannon, for service in Korea as
- version of the AD-4N; 36 conversions.
- Two-seat electronic countermeasures version of the AD-4; 39
- Three-seat airborne early warning version; 168 built. A total of
50 AD-4Ws were transferred to the Royal Navy as Skyraider AEW Mk
- AD-5 (A-1E)
- Side-by-side seating for pilot and co-pilot, without dive
brakes; 212 built.
- AD-5N (A-1G)
- Four-seat night attack version, with radar countermeasures; 239
- AD-5Q (EA-1F)
- Four-seat electronics countermeasures version; 54 conversions.
- One prototype to test
Magnetic anomaly detector (MAD) anti-submarine equipment.
- AD-5W (EA-1E)
- Four-seat airborne early warning version; 218 were built.
- Utility version of the AD-5.
- AD-6 (A-1H)
- Single-seat attack aircraft with three dive brakes, centerline
station stressed for 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) of ordnance, 30 in (760 mm)
in diameter, combination 14/30 in (360/760 mm) bomb ejector and
low/high altitude bomb director; 713 built.
- AD-7 (A-1J)
- The final production model, powered by a R-3350-26WB engine,
with structural improvements to increase wing fatigue life; 72