Biography

Beauchamp, Charles Edward
[Col. CO 34thIR]

biography  

  Deactivated August 22, 1950 and replaced by the 5th RCT

Charles Edward Beauchamp

Date of death: December 18, 1994



biography





Charles Beauchamp graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Class of 1930. He retired as a U.S. Army Major General.

 

 

The third and final regiment of the 3d Division, the 7th Infantry, which had come from Fort Devens, Massachusetts, by way of Japan, landed at Wonsan on November 17. It was commanded by West Pointer (1930) John S. Guthrie, forty-two.* Its artillery support was the 10th FAB, commanded by West Pointer (1933) Walter A. ("Bing") Downing, Jr., forty-three.[15- 32]

*At that time, five of the six Army regimental commanders in X Corps were West Point graduates, Herb Powell of the 17th Infantry being the exception. Four of them (Beauchamp, Guthrie, Harris, and MacLean) were from the class of 1930. Excluding Powell (47) and Moore (50), their average age was 42.5 years.

 

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The new commander of the 34th was Charles E. Beauchamp (pronounced boshamp), a West Pointer (1930), who until then had been commanding the 32d Regiment of the 7th Division in Japan. To assist in the challenge confronting him, Beauchamp brought the 32d's S3, William T. McDaniel, a West Pointer (1941) to be S3 of the 34th.[5-43]

Beauchamp, at age forty-two, was the youngest regimental commander in Korea so far, and the greenest. During World War II he had not served with a combat unit. He had fought the war in the ETO in rear area staff jobs, specializing in logistics. After the war he requested a troop command but did not get it until March 1950, when he took over the 32d Infantry. He had spent the postwar years on the staffs of the Infantry School, the Armed Forces Staff College, and the Army's Counter-Intelligence School. He remembered that Walker had ordered him to Korea because "I was younger than most of the regimental commanders in the Far East." He had never met Bill Dean.[5-44]

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In his debut to combat, Beauchamp, like Martin, Stephens, and Meloy, was full of fire and brimstone, determined to make the 34th fight. Later he wrote: "We could have withdrawn on the night of July 19/20 with probably no losses. I feel that to some extent I influenced General Dean to stay on the 20th. I felt very confident on the evening of July 19th that we could hold the enemy out of Taejon another day and believe I so told General Dean."[5-45]

August 7,1950


The visitors closely scrutinized Eighth Army's senior field commanders. Ridgway had nothing to say about the division commanders, but he judged that "some" regimental commanders were "very poor." They were too old and lacked "combat experience and aggressiveness." He named no names, but undoubtedly he was referring to the three regimental commanders in the 1st Cav (Rohsenberger, Nist, and Palmer) and the 24th Infantry's Horton White. Although both Dick Stephens (21st Infantry) and Hank Fisher (35th Infantry) were considerably overage for regimental command, they were doing well, as were the "youngsters," Michaelis (27th Infantry), Beauchamp (34th Infantry), and Moore (19th Infantry). Replacements being sent by the Pentagon didn't help. "Three out of five were over fifty," Ridgway wrote.*

August 14, 1950

The attack went off, per schedule, at dawn on August 14. It was raining hard. Because of that, no FEAF aircraft appeared, but the artillery laid down a ten-minute barrage.

Again carrying the burden of the attack, John Hill's 9th Infantry occupied the center. Beauchamp's 34th and Brad Smith's 1/21 were on the left; Ned Moore's 19th was on the right. Joe Walker's 2/9 smartly took its first objective; but thereafter everything went wrong, and the attack fizzled out all across the front.

The shattered 19th and 34th regiments were simply physically and mentally incapable of further offensive action. After an average gain of 500 yards against fierce NKPA resistance, Task Force Hill ground to a halt.

 

 

Beauchamp, Charles Edward
[Col. CO 34thIR]

 

AWARDS AND CITATIONS

biography

Army Distinguished Service Medal



Awarded for actions during the Cold War

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Major General Charles Edward Beauchamp (ASN: 0-18238), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility, during the period from May 1954 to April 1966.

General Orders: Department of the Army, General Orders No. 21 (June 1, 1966)

Action Date: May 1954 - April 1966

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

biography

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the Vietnam War

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Charles Edward Beauchamp (ASN: 0-18238), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States.

General Orders: United States Military Academy Register of Graduates

Action Date: 1962 - 1965

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

biography

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

(UNCONFIRMED - Citation Needed): Colonel (Infantry) Charles E. Beauchamp, United States Army, is reported to have been awarded the Silver Star under the below-listed General Orders for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy in Korea.

General Orders: Headquarters, X Corps, General Orders No. 14 (1951)

Action Date: Korean War

Service: Army

Rank: Colonel

biography

Legion of Merit

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, 20 July 1942, takes pleasure in presenting the Legion of Merit to Colonel (Infantry) Charles E. Beauchamp (ASN: 0-18238), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States in Korea, during the period from September 1950 to March 1951.

General Orders: Department of the Army, General Orders No. 85 (September 25, 1951)

Action Date: September 1950 - March 1951

Service: Army

Rank: Colonel