Ewen, Edward C.
[RAdm CTF-77]



Task Force 77

July 19, 1950

RAdm Edward C. Ewen (above) has assumed command of Carrier Division One in the Pacific Fleet, the Navy announced today.

August 6, 1950

The 6th of August saw the task force still south of Korea, attacking objectives assigned by air controllers and bridge and highway targets from Yŏsu north to Hwanggan. Once again USS Philippine Sea (CV-47) concentrated her efforts on transportation facilities, while  USS Valley Forge (CV-45) flew 24 Corsair and 22 Skyraider sorties under JOC control. The emphasis, as on the previous day, was on the Chinju assembly area and on enemy lines of communication behind it; but attacks were also made on troop and transportation targets behind the central Naktong front, in the Waegwan area, and in the important neighboring junction town of Kumchon. Claims for the day included destruction of a large supply dump, five trucks, two jeeps, and a tank, damage to a number of bridges, and many troop casualties; the distribution of effort represented a useful attempt at close interdiction, if not at close support of troops in combat.

          With the day’s work completed and with pilots’ reports at hand, the situation was discussed by Admiral Struble and his carrier division commanders. To Admiral Ewen the results of the effort in close air support appeared quite simply "negligible." Admiral Hoskins felt the work handicapped by the cumbersome centralization of JOC control, which required excessive expenditure of time in checking in and securing target assignments, and by the tendency of Eighth Army to call for maximum effort and so bring saturation of control facilities. The upshot of the discussion was a pair of dispatches from Commander Seventh Fleet to ComNavFE, in which he reported an urgent request from JOC for "close support" of ground operations on the next day, expressed his doubts as to the value of such an effort, proposed that the escort carriers be given the whole job on the 8th, and stated his desire to strike the important west bridge at Sŏul.

August 9, 1950

On the next day Admiral Ewen listed as major deficiencies the absence of reliable communications, both between the carriers and JOC and at the scene of action, and the oversaturation of aircraft at the objective. Stating that less than 30 percent of the fleet’s potential was being used in close support, he suggested that Admiral Struble tell ComNavFE "the whole story," and urged the assignment to the air control function of aircraft with adequate endurance and reliable radio gear, and the employment of the USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7) air support party to improve communications in the perimeter.

Description: Photo #: 80-G-707930 Rear Admiral Edward C. Ewen, USN, Commander Carrier Division One, (left), , Commander Seventh Fleet, (center) and , Commander Carrier Division Three Pose with a World globe, while conferring aboard a Seventh Fleet ship, circa August-December 1950. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.