As August neared its end, men on these hills could see minor enemy activity across the river, which they interpreted as North Koreans organizing the high ground on the west side of the Naktong against a possible American attack. There was moderate enemy infiltration into the 9th Infantry forward positions, but to the men in the front line this appeared to be only normal patrol action.
Opposite, on the west side of the Naktong, General Pak Kyo Sam, commanding the N.K. 9th Division, issued his operational order to the division on 28 August. Its mission in the forthcoming attack was stated in part as follows:
To outflank and destroy the enemy by capturing the Miryang and Samnangjin areas, thereby cutting off his [Eighth Army] route of withdrawal between Taegu and Pusan, is the mission of this division. [23-14]
September 1, 1950
On the morning of 1 September the 1st and 2d Regiments of the N.K. 9th Division (the 3d Regiment had been left at Inch'ŏn), in their first offensive of the war, stood only a few miles short of Yongsan after a successful river crossing and penetration of the American line. At that point the chances of the division accomplishing its assigned mission must have looked favorable to its commanding general, Pak Kyo Sam.