Kuomintang (KMT)

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Kuomintang of China
中國國民黨 Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng

"Blue Sky with a White Sun"
Chairman Eric Chu
Founded 24 November 1894 (as Revive China Society)
20 August 1905 (as Tongmenghui)
25 August 1912 (as Kuomintang)
8 July 1914 (as Chinese Revolutionary Party)
10 October 1919 (as Kuomintang of China)
Headquarters No.232~234, Sec. 2, BaDe Rd., Zhongshan District, Taipei, Republic of China
Newspaper Central Daily News,
Kuomintang News Network
Think tank National Policy Foundation
Membership (2014) 1,090,000
Ideology Three Principles of the People
Chinese nationalism
Chinese Unification
Political position Centre-right to Right-wing
International affiliation International Democrat Union
Colours Blue
Legislative Yuan 63 / 113
Municipal Mayoralties 1 / 6
City Mayoralties and County Magistracies 5 / 16
Local Councillors 386 / 906
Township Chiefs 80 / 211
Party flag

Politics of the Republic of China
Political parties
Kuomintang of China
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 中國國民黨
Simplified Chinese 中国国民党
Abbreviated to
Traditional Chinese 國民黨
Simplified Chinese 国民党
Tibetan name
Tibetan ཀྲུང་གོའི་གོ་མིན་ཏང

The Kuomintang (/ˌkwoʊmɪnˈtɑːŋ/ or /-ˈtæŋ/; KMT), officially the Kuomintang of China, or sometimes spelled as Guomindang by its Pinyin transliteration, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC). It is the current ruling political party in Taiwan. The name literally means the Chinese National People's Party, but is more often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party.

The predecessor of the KMT, the Revolutionary Alliance, was one of the major advocates of the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and the establishment of a republic. The KMT was founded by Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen shortly after the Xinhai Revolution of 1911. Sun was the provisional president but he did not have military power and ceded the first presidency to the military leader Yuan Shikai. After Yuan's death, China was divided by warlords, while the KMT was able to control only part of the south. Later led by Chiang Kai-shek, the KMT formed the National Revolutionary Army and succeeded in its Northern Expedition to unify much of China in 1928.

It was the ruling party of China from 1928 until its retreat to Taiwan in 1949 after being defeated by the Communist Party of China (CPC) during the Chinese Civil War.

In Taiwan, the KMT continued as the single ruling party until reforms in the late 1970s through the 1990s loosened its grip on power. Since 1987, the Republic of China is no longer a single-party state, but the KMT remains one of the main political parties, until now the KMT remain control of the Legislative Yuan (Parliament) and most of the councils.

The guiding ideology is the Three Principles of the People, advocated by Sun Yat-sen. Its party headquarters are located in Taipei. It is currently the ruling party in Taiwan, and holds most seats in the Legislative Yuan. The KMT is a member of the International Democrat Union. Current president Ma Ying-jeou, elected in 2008 and re-elected in 2012, is the seventh KMT member to hold the office of the presidency.

Together with the People First Party and Chinese New Party, the KMT forms what is known as the Taiwanese Pan-Blue Coalition, which supports eventual unification with the mainland. However, the KMT has been forced to moderate its stance by advocating the political and legal status quo of modern Taiwan. The KMT accepts a "One China Principle" – it officially considers that there is only one China, but that the Republic of China rather than the People's Republic of China is its legitimate government under the 1992 Consensus. However, since 2008, in order to ease tensions with the PRC, the KMT endorses the "three noes" policy as defined by Ma Ying-jeou – no unification, no independence and no use of force.