From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
At the beginning of the century the U.S. Army dispatched
the 9th Infantry Regiment to Qing China during the Boxer
Rebellion and the China Relief Expedition where the regiment earned the
nickname "Manchus". During the
Battle of Tientsin, three 9th Regiment soldiers
won the Medal of Honor and the regimental commander, Col. Emerson H. Liscum, was
killed by Chinese fire, as was the flag bearer for the regiment. A Chinese
sniper shot Liscum as he tried to steady the flag after the bearer was killed.
The Chinese again unleashed a torrent of fire upon the
Allies, which forced them to lie face down in mud. The dark blue uniform of the
American troops provided a virtual bull's eye to the Chinese troops, equipped
with western firearms, such as Winchesters, Mausers, and Mannlichers.
Many American troops died from Chinese sniper fire before
they took the city.
The regiment suffered a ten percent casualty rate in the
battle. Colonel Liscum's dying words gave the regiment its motto, "Keep up the
Fire." Lt. Col. Charles A. Coolidge assumed command, the Allies then captured
the city, and the regiment was awarded two silver ingots from which the Liscum
Bowl was created. The regiment fought in the Battle of Yangcun.