Equipment, Vehicles and Weapons

M-3 105mm  howitzers

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105 mm Howitzer M3
M3 105mm Howitzer.jpg
A M3 howitzer outside the Army Museum in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Type Light Howitzer
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1943–Present
Used by United States
Wars Second World War
Production history
Designed 1941
Produced 1943-45
Number built 2,580
Specifications
Weight 2,495 lb (1,130 kg)
Length 12 ft 11 in (3.94 m)
Barrel length Bore: 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m) L/16
Overall: 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m) L/17.9
Width 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m)
Height 4 ft 2 in (1.27 m)

Shell 105x372R
Caliber 105 mm
Breech Horizontal block
Recoil Hydropneumatic, constant
Carriage split trail
Elevation -9° to 30°
Traverse 45°
Rate of fire Burst: 4 rpm
Sustained: 2 rpm
Muzzle velocity 1,020 ft/s (311 m/s)
Maximum firing range HE: 8,300 yd (7,600 m)

The 105 mm Howitzer M3 was a U.S. light howitzer designed for use by airborne troops. The gun utilized the barrel of the 105 mm Howitzer M2, shortened and fitted to a slightly modified split trail carriage of the 75 mm pack howitzer.

The howitzer was used by the U.S. Army during World War II. It was issued to airborne units and the cannon companies of infantry regiments.

June 25, 1950

More than half of the troops in the original North Korean People’s Army (NKPA) were veterans of the victorious Chinese Communist forces in the Chinese Civil War. Weapons and equipment, all the way from T–34 tanks to Tokarev pistols, had been made available by the Soviet Union; and Soviet instructors prepared the invading army for its surprise attack of 25 June on the Republic of Korea.[2]

  There could have been little doubt as to the outcome. Although the ROK army included eight divisions and a regiment, estimated at some 98,000 men in all, it could not compare with the NKPA establishment of about equal numbers. The difference lay in the purposes for which the two forces had been organized during the joint Soviet-American occupation of Korea after World War II. While Red Army officers created the NKPA as an  instrument of aggression, American instructors trained the ROK troops for frontier defense and internal security.

  They had neither tanks nor combat aircraft, and their heaviest artillery consisted of a few battalions of 105mm M-3 howitzers. It was scarcely more than a lightly armed constabulary which crumpled at the first shock of NKPA columns led by Soviet-made tanks and supported by Soviet-made bombing planes. The four ROK divisions deployed along the frontier were routed, and Sŏul fell to the invaders on the third day.