Place Names

Fukuoka, Japan

(34 35' N - 130 26' E)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about a city in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. For other uses, see Fukuoka (disambiguation).


Fukuoka
福岡
Designated city
福岡市 Fukuoka City
From top left: Yatai in Nakasu
Fukuoka Castle, Hakozaki Shrine
Tenjin, Hakata Gion Yamakasa
Seaside Momochi and Fukuoka Tower


Flag
Location of Fukuoka in Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Coordinates: 3335′N 13024′E / 33.583N 130.4E / 33.583; 130.4Coordinates: 3335′N 13024′E / 33.583N 130.4E / 33.583; 130.4
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Fukuoka
Government
Mayor Soichiro Takashima (since December 2010)
Area
Total 340.03 km2 (131.29 sq mi)
Population (September 1, 2010)
Total 1,461,631
Density 4,253.83/km2 (11,017.4/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City Symbols
- Tree Camphor laurel
- Flower Camellia
- Bird Black-headed Gull
Website www.city.fukuoka.lg.jp/english/index.html
Fukuoka (福岡市, Fukuoka-shi?) is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture and is situated on the northern shore of the island of Kyushu in Japan.
Ranked as the 14th of the world's most livable cities in the magazine Monocle in 2010, Fukuoka was praised for its green spaces in a metropolitan setting.[1] It is the most populous city in Kyushu, followed by Kitakyushu. It is the largest city and metropolitan area west of Keihanshin. The city was designated on April 1, 1972 by government ordinance. Greater Fukuoka (福岡都市圏), with 2.5 million people (2005 census), is part of the heavily industrialized Fukuoka-Kitakyushu zone, as well as Northern Kyushu.
As of June 2011, Fukuoka is Japan's 7th largest city, having passed the population of Kyoto, and the first time a city west of the Kinki region has a larger population since Kyoto was established in the 7th century. However, in ancient times, the area near Fukuoka was thought to be perhaps even more influential than the Yamato region.

June 25, 1950


Like the other members of the Military Air Transport Service family, the Airways and Air Communications Service (AACS) was a global command which provided airways-communications facilities, navigational aids, and flight services for the Air Force. As a secondary mission, the AACS provided communications for the Air Weather Service.

For the performance of their mission, AACS organizations operated control towers, direction finders, radio ranges, ground-controlled approach (GCA) and instrument-landing systems, radio and radar beacons, air-to-ground and point-to-point radio, message centers, crypto centers, and military air-traffic control (MATCon) centers. Like the air-route traffic-control center, which was its civilian counterpart in the United States, the MATCon established routes and altitudes for all aircraft flying over a given control area, kept record of the flights of such aircraft, and generally ensured against air collisions in the control area.

When the Communist invaders struck in June 1950, Colonel Charles B. Overacker's 1808th AACS Wing, which had its headquarters in Tokyo's Meiji building, was responsible for airways and air-communications services in the Far East and Pacific. Under the 1808th Wing were the 1809th AACS Group at Nagoya, the 1810th Group at Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii, and the 1811th Group at Kadena Air Base on Okinawa.

Each of these groups was divided into squadrons, which were subdivided into detachments at various airfields. In June 1950 the undermanned 1809th AACS Group was operating ten control towers, three direction-finder stations, and two MATCon centers at Tokyo and Fukuoka in Japan.

The only navigational aid in Korea was a low-power homing beacon at Kimp'o Airfield. The system was capable of handling slow-flying conventional aircraft in the moderate number of flights usual during the occupation, but FEAF was beginning to be concerned about the system's inadequacy for controlling jet air traffic. At the beginning of hostilities air traffic suddenly tripled at Tokyo and quintupled in the Fukuoka area, and new AACS facilities were immediately required for the additional airfields occupied in Japan and in Korea.

Because of economy considerations, USAF had not permitted the 1808th Wing to establish a mobile AACS squadron in 1948, an organization which would have provided a most efficient means for handling the suddenly increased demands of the Korean air war. #132   

June 25, 1950 2200 - 0900 Washington

Korean_War

A few minutes before midnight, however, Ambassador Muccio informed MacArthur that he had decided to evacuate dependent women and children from the vicinity of Sŏul and Inch'ŏn. He felt compelled to do this because of the Red tank concentration at Uijŏngbu, actually only 17 miles north of Sŏul. Several merchant freighters were in the harbor at Inch'ŏn, and Muccio proposed to load as many as needed with evacuees and get them started for Fukuoka port in Japan, beginning as early as possible on the morning of 26 June.#24