Tuman Gang, North Korea
Yalu Gang, North Korea
Taedong Gang, North Korea
Imjin Gang, North Korea
Bukhan Gang, North Korea
Namhan Gang, South Korea
Nakdong Gang, South Korea
Geum Gang, South Korea
Han Gang, South Korea
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Nakdong in Andong, North Gyeongsang
|Provinces||Gangwon, North Gyeongsang, Daegu, South Gyeongsang, Busan|
|- left||Banbyeoncheon, Geumho River, Miryang River, Yangsancheon, West Nakdong River †|
|- right||Naeseongcheon, Gamcheon, Hwang River, Nam River|
|- location||Eundae Peak, Taebaek, Gangwon|
|Mouth||Sea of Japan (East Sea)|
|- location||Estuary Bank, Gangseo, Busan|
|Length||510 km (317 mi)|
|Basin||23,384 km (9,029 sq mi)|
|Discharge||for Jindong, Haman|
|- average||383 m/s (13,526 cu ft/s)|
|† : Distributary of Nakdong|
The Nakdong River is the longest river in South Korea, and passes through major cities such as Daegu and Busan.
The Nakdong flows from the Taebaek Mountains to the South Sea or Korean Strait, that separates Korea from Japan. The river originates from the junction of the Cheolamcheon and Hwangjicheon streams in Dongjeom-dong, Taebaek city, Gangwon province. From there to its mouth it winds for about 506 kilometres (314 mi). The width of the river ranges from only a few metres in its upper reaches, to several hundred metres towards its estuary.
Major tributaries include the Yeong, Geumho, and Nam rivers. Together with its tributaries, the Nakdong drains most of North Gyeongsang and South Gyeongsang provinces, along with small portions of North Jeolla, South Jeolla, and Gangwon. The total watershed is 23,384 square kilometres (9,029 sq mi).
The Nakdong River has played an important role throughout Korean history. The river basin has been a favored dwelling-place for as long as people have inhabited the Korean peninsula. Numerous Neolithic remains have been found in the valley.
Around the 1st century, the valley is believed to have been inhabited by the Byeonhan confederacy tribes. During the Three Kingdoms period, the Gaya confederacy controlled the valley, until they were overrun by Silla in 562. These states exploited the river's potential for navigation and commerce, operating a thriving trade in armor and weapons with neighboring countries, including Yamato period Japan. Through the Silla, Goryeo, and Joseon periods, the river continued to serve as a major transportation corridor in the Gyeongsang region. It was especially used for transporting fresh seafood inland, such as mackerel, which were salted and dried in order to prevent them from spoiling. The city of Andong was the farthest inland the fish could be brought before going bad, so many people flocked there during the Joseon Dynasty to eat fish.
As a barrier to movement, the Nakdong River gained sudden prominence during the Korean War. The southern length of the river formed the western portion of the Pusan Perimeter, which the UN forces fought to maintain during the autumn of 1950. The bridge over the Nakdong River at Waegwan was blown up on August 3, 1950 in an effort to prevent North Korean forces from advancing on Daegu. A large number of Korean refugees were killed in the explosion. Although some North Korean forces did cross the Nakdong River in places, for the most part the river still marks their furthest advance.
Naktong Gang at Andong, showing the Andong bridge.