Place Names

Naktong Gang, South Korea

 

 

MAP_14_Taejŏn'_Region_L552

 

 

Tuman Gang, North Korea

Yalu Gang, North Korea

Taedong Gang, North Korea

Imjin Gang, North Korea

Bukhan Gang, North Korea

Namhan Gang, South Korea

Nakdong Gang, South Korea

Geum Gang, South Korea

Han Gang, South Korea

 

 

Nakdong River

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nakdong (낙동강)
River
Korea-Andong-Nakdong River-02.jpg
The Nakdong in Andong, North Gyeongsang
Country South Korea
Provinces Gangwon, North Gyeongsang, Daegu, South Gyeongsang, Busan
Parts Hwangjicheon
Tributaries
 - left Banbyeoncheon, Geumho River, Miryang River, Yangsancheon, West Nakdong River
 - right Naeseongcheon, Gamcheon, Hwang River, Nam River
Source Taebaek Mountains
 - location Eundae Peak, Taebaek, Gangwon
Mouth Sea of Japan (East Sea)
 - location Estuary Bank, Gangseo, Busan
Length 510 km (317 mi)
Basin 23,384 km (9,029 sq mi)
Discharge for Jindong, Haman
 - average 383 m/s (13,526 cu ft/s)

The Nakdong
† : Distributary of Nakdong
Nakdong River
Hangul 낙동강
Hanja 洛東江
Revised Romanization Nakdonggang
McCune–Reischauer Naktonggang

The Nakdong River is the longest river in South Korea, and passes through major cities such as Daegu and Busan.

Geography

The Nakdong flows from the Taebaek Mountains to the South Sea or Korean Strait, that separates Korea from Japan. The river originates from the junction of the Cheolamcheon and Hwangjicheon streams in Dongjeom-dong, Taebaek city, Gangwon province. From there to its mouth it winds for about 506 kilometres (314 mi). The width of the river ranges from only a few metres in its upper reaches, to several hundred metres towards its estuary.

Major tributaries include the Yeong, Geumho, and Nam rivers. Together with its tributaries, the Nakdong drains most of North Gyeongsang and South Gyeongsang provinces, along with small portions of North Jeolla, South Jeolla, and Gangwon. The total watershed is 23,384 square kilometres (9,029 sq mi).

History

 Hahoe Folk Village

The Nakdong River has played an important role throughout Korean history. The river basin has been a favored dwelling-place for as long as people have inhabited the Korean peninsula. Numerous Neolithic remains have been found in the valley.

Around the 1st century, the valley is believed to have been inhabited by the Byeonhan confederacy tribes. During the Three Kingdoms period, the Gaya confederacy controlled the valley, until they were overrun by Silla in 562. These states exploited the river's potential for navigation and commerce, operating a thriving trade in armor and weapons with neighboring countries, including Yamato period Japan. Through the Silla, Goryeo, and Joseon periods, the river continued to serve as a major transportation corridor in the Gyeongsang region. It was especially used for transporting fresh seafood inland, such as mackerel, which were salted and dried in order to prevent them from spoiling. The city of Andong was the farthest inland the fish could be brought before going bad, so many people flocked there during the Joseon Dynasty to eat fish.

As a barrier to movement, the Nakdong River gained sudden prominence during the Korean War. The southern length of the river formed the western portion of the Pusan Perimeter, which the UN forces fought to maintain during the autumn of 1950. The bridge over the Nakdong River at Waegwan was blown up on August 3, 1950 in an effort to prevent North Korean forces from advancing on Daegu. A large number of Korean refugees were killed in the explosion. Although some North Korean forces did cross the Nakdong River in places, for the most part the river still marks their furthest advance.

 

Naktong Gang at Andong, showing the Andong bridge.