Place Names

Norfolk, Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Norfolk, Virginia
Independent city
City of Norfolk
Clockwise from top: Downtown Norfolk skyline as viewed from across the Elizabeth River, USS Wisconsin battleship museum, Ocean View Pier, The Tide light rail, ships at Naval Station Norfolk, historic homes in Ghent Clockwise from top: Downtown Norfolk skyline as viewed from across the Elizabeth River, USS Wisconsin battleship museum, Ocean View Pier, The Tide light rail, ships at Naval Station Norfolk, historic homes in Ghent
Official seal of Norfolk, Virginia
Seal
Motto: Crescas (Latin for, "Thou shalt grow.")
Norfolk-Location.svg
Norfolk, Virginia is located in the US Norfolk, VirginiaNorfolk, VirginiaLocation in the United States
Coordinates: 36°55′N 76°12′W / 36.917°N 76.200°W / 36.917; -76.200Coordinates: 36°55′N 76°12′W / 36.917°N 76.200°W / 36.917; -76.200
Country United States
State  Virginia
County None (Independent city)
Founded 1682
Incorporated 1736
Government
 • Mayor Kenny Alexander (D)
Area
 • Independent city 250 km (96 sq mi)
 • Land 140 km (54 sq mi)
 • Water 110 km (42 sq mi)
Elevation 2.13 m (7 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Independent city 245,428 (78th)
 • Density 1,733/km (4,488/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,047,869
 • Metro 1,672,319
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 23501-23515, 23517-23521, 23523, 23529, 23541, 23551
Area code(s) 757
Demonym Norfolkian
FIPS code 51-57000
GNIS feature ID 1497051
Website http://www.norfolk.gov/

Norfolk (/ˈnɔːrfᵿk/ NOR-fək, local /ˈnɒfʊk/ NOF-uuk) is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 242,803; in 2015, the population was estimated to be 247,189 making it the second-most populous city in Virginia, behind neighboring Virginia Beach.

Norfolk is located at the core of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area, named for the large natural harbor of the same name located at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. It is one of nine cities and seven counties that constitute the Hampton Roads metro area, officially known as the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA. The city is bordered to the west by the Elizabeth River and to the north by the Chesapeake Bay. It also shares land borders with the independent cities of Chesapeake to its south and Virginia Beach to its east. One of the oldest of the cities in Hampton Roads, Norfolk is considered to be the historic, urban, financial, and cultural center of the region.

The city has a long history as a strategic military and transportation point. The largest Navy base in the world, Naval Station Norfolk, is located in Norfolk along with one of NATO's two Strategic Command headquarters. The city also has the corporate headquarters of Norfolk Southern Railway, one of North America's principal Class I railroads, and Maersk Line, Limited, which manages the world's largest fleet of US-flag vessels. As the city is bordered by multiple bodies of water, Norfolk has many miles of riverfront and bay front property, including beaches on the Chesapeake Bay. It is linked to its neighbors by an extensive network of Interstate highways, bridges, tunnels, and three bridge-tunnel complexes—the only bridge-tunnels in the United States.