Place Names

P'yŏngyang, North Korea

The old Showa Aircraft Factory and the air section of the arsenal were believed to be the center of North Korea's aircraft maintenance and supply. On the northeastern coast of Korea the Hungnam (Konan) area constituted the most extensive basic-chemical and light-metals production complex in the Far East. In the environs of Hungnam were located the Chosen Nitrogen Fertilizer Company, the Chosen Nitrogen Explosives Factory, and the Bogun (Motomiya) Chemical Plant. In the mountainous northeastern section of Korea the port city of Ch'ŏngjin (Seishin) possessed two major harbors, important railway yards and workshops, the Japan Iron Works, and the Mitsubishi Iron Company. Far to the northeast and only sixty miles from Vladivostok was the important port and naval base of Rashin (Najin), whose naval oil-storage facilities and railway yards were of significance both to the North Koreans and the Russians.

Pyongyang Air Base

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Pyongyang Air Base
평양 공항
P'yŏngyang Gonggun Kige
Coordinates 3902′00″N 12547′00″E / 39.03333N 125.78333E / 39.03333; 125.78333
Type Military airfield
Site information
Controlled by Imperial Japanese Army Air Service
Korean People's Air Force
United States Air Force
Site history
Built 1940s
Built by Imperial Japanese Army Air Service
In use 1940s-1950

Pyongyang Air Base also known as Heijo Airfield or Pyongyang (K-23) Air Base was a former Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, Korean People's Air Force (KPAF) and United States Air Force (USAF) air base adjacent to the Taedong River in Pyongyang, North Korea. It was redeveloped after the Korean War as a Government and residential area.

History

The air base was originally developed during the Japanese Imperial period. The base was home to a Showa aircraft plant and the 6th Air Regiment and the Imperial Japanese Army's Heijo Arsenal with Nambu, which manufactured hand and long infantry weapons

 
Map of Pyongyang in 1946 showing the location of the air base at upper right

Korean War

The Showa aircraft factory and air section of the arsenal were believed to be the center of North Korea's aircraft maintenance and supply system.[1]

On the afternoon of 29 June 1950, 18 B-26s of the 3rd Bombardment Group attacked Pyongyang Air Base, arriving at dusk they bombed the hangar line, ramps and revetments, destroying an estimated 25 aircraft on the ground. Only one KPAF Yak-3 fighter got airborne to oppose the attack and it was shot down by a B-26 gunner.[2]

From 3-4 July 1950 aircraft from Task Force 77 attacked Pyongyang and Pyongyang East airfields and Onjong-Ni Airfield shooting down two Yak-3s and damaging a further 10 aircraft on the ground. On 18 July 1950 aircraft from Task Force 77 attacked the Pyongyang airfields again destroying 14 aircraft and damaging 13.[3]

Following the capture of Pyongyang on 19 October 1950 the air base was put into service by the UN forces. The USAF designated the base K-23.[4]

USAF units stationed at the base included:

The US Army's D Battery 865th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion provided anti-aircraft defense for the base.[7]

UN forces abandoned the base on 5 December 1950 as part of the evacuation of Pyongyang in the face of the Chinese intervention.[7]On 10 December 1950 B-29s bombed the airfield with high-explosive bombs.[8]

On 23 January 1951, 46 F-80s of the 49th Fighter-Bomber Wing attacked anti-aircraft positions around Pyongyang and once this was completed 21 B-29s of the 19th and 307th Bombardment Groups from Okinawa bombed the airfield.[9]

Postwar

The area was redeveloped in the late 1950s as a Government and residential area.

 

 

 

 

Place_Names/AMS_L522_Maps/MAP_04_&_Map_06_P'yŏngyang.pdf

 

June 25, 1950 1100

 Korean_War

After the North Korean attack was well under way, the P'yŏngyang radio broadcast at 1100 an announcement that the North Korean Government had declared war against South Korea as a result of an invasion by South Korean puppet forces ordered by "the bandit traitor Syngman Rhee." [03-11] The broadcast said the North Korea People's Army had struck back in self-defense and had begun a "righteous invasion." Syngman Rhee, it stated, would be arrested and executed. [03-12]