Unit Details

3rd Infantry Division

Division 1st Cav  2nd 3rd 7th 24th 25th 40th 45th    
Regiment                 187th RCT 5th RCT
5th Cavalry  5th                  
5th RCT                   5th RCT
 7th Cavalry  7th                  
 7th Infantry      7th              
 8th Cavalry  8th                  
 9th Infantry    9th                
 14th Infantry             14th        
 15th Infantry      15th              
 17th Infantry        17th            
 19th Infantry           19th          
 21st Infantry          21st          
 23rd Infantry    23rd                
 24th Infantry             24th        
 27th Infantry             27th        
 29th Infantry                      
 31st Infantry        31st            
 32nd Infantry        32nd            
 34th Infantry          34th          
 35th Infantry             35th        
 38th Infantry    38th                
 65th Infantry      65th              
 160th Infantry              160th      
 179th Infantry                179th    
 180th Infantry                180th    
187th RCT                 187th RCT  
 223rd Infantry              223rd      
 224th Infantry              224th      
 279th Infantry                279th    

Army or Corps Organization

CG
ADC
G-1 Personnel
G-2 Intelligence
G-3 Plan sand Operations
1. Lieutenant Colonel Powhida
2. Colonel MacLean
G-4 Logistics

 

Regiments

       

USA 0007 7th Infantry Regiment

 

USA 0015 15th Infantry Regiment

 

USA 0065 65th Infantry Regiment

 

 

 

3rd Infantry Division (United States)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

3rd Infantry Division
3 Infantry Div Patch.svg
Shoulder sleeve insignia of the 3rd Infantry Division
Active 1917–present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Army
Type Mechanized Infantry
Size Division
Part of Forces Command
Garrison/HQ Fort Stewart
Motto Rock of the Marne
Mascot Rocky the Bulldog
Engagements

World War I

  • Aisne-Marne Offensive
  • Second Battle of the Marne

World War II

  • Tunisia
  • Sicily
  • Naples-Foggia
  • Rome-Arno
  • Southern France
  • Rhineland
  • Central Europe

Korean War
Gulf War

  • Battle of Medina Ridge

Iraq War

  • Operation Iraqi Freedom
Commanders
Current
commander
MG John M. Murray
Notable
commanders
MG Tony Cucolo
MG Joseph T. Dickman
MG John P. Lucas
MG Lucian Truscott
LTG John W. O'Daniel
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 3 Infantry Div DUI.svg
US infantry divisions (1939–present)
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2nd Infantry Division 4th Infantry Division

The 3rd Infantry Division (nicknamed the "Rock of the Marne") is a United States Army infantry division based at Fort Stewart, Georgia. It is a direct subordinate unit of the XVIII Airborne Corps and U.S. Army Forces Command. Its current organization includes three brigade combat teams, one aviation brigade, a division artillery and support elements.

istory

The division fought in France in World War I. In World War II, it landed with Gen. Patton's task force in a contested amphibious landing on the coast of Morocco, North Africa, overwhelming Vichy French defenders in November 1942. In 1943, the division invaded Sicily in July, and invaded Italy at Salerno in September, before fighting in France and finally Germany. Medal of Honor recipient Audie Murphy, featured in the Hollywood movie, "To Hell and Back," was a member. The division also served in the Korean War. From 1957 until 1996, the division was a major part of the United States Army's presence in the NATO alliance in West Germany.

World War I

The 3rd Infantry Division was activated in November 1917 during World War I at Camp Greene, North Carolina. Eight months later, it saw combat for the first time in France. At midnight on 14 July 1918, the division earned lasting distinction. Engaged in the Aisne-Marne Offensive as a member of the American Expeditionary Force to Europe, the division was protecting Paris with a position on the banks of the Marne River. The 7th Machine Gun Battalion of the 3rd Division rushed to Château-Thierry amid retreating French troops and held the Germans back at the Marne River. While surrounding units retreated, the 3rd Infantry Division, including the 30th and 38th Infantry Regiments, remained steadfast throughout the Second Battle of the Marne, thus earning its nickname as the "Rock of the Marne". The rest of the division was absorbed under French command until brought back together under the command of General Joseph T. Dickman and by 15 July 1918 they took the brunt of what was to be the last German offensive of the war. General "Black Jack" Pershing called this stand "one of the most brilliant pages in the annals of military history". During the war two members of the division were awarded the Medal of Honor.

Casualties during the war were 3,177 killed in action with 12,940 wounded.

Commanders
  1. MG Joseph T. Dickman (28 November 1917)
  2. BG J. A. Irons (11 February 1918)
  3. MG Joseph T. Dickman (13 February 1918)
  4. BG J. A. Irons (27 February 1918)
  5. BG Charles Crawford (8 March 1918)
  6. BG J. A. Irons (10 March 1918)
  7. BG Charles Crawford (19 March 1918)
  8. MG Joseph T. Dickman (12 April 1918)
  9. BG F. W. Sladen (18 August 1918)
  10. MG Beaumont B. Buck (27 August 1918)
  11. BG Preston Brown (18 October 1918)
  12. MG Robert L. Howze (19 November 1918)

World War II

Soldiers of the US 3rd Infantry Division in Nuremberg, Germany on 20 April 1945

The 3rd Division is one of the few American divisions that fought the Axis on all European fronts and was among the first U.S. combat units to engage in offensive ground combat operations during World War II. During World War II, the division fought in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, France, Germany and Austria for 531 consecutive days of combat.

The division first saw action as a part of the Western Task Force in the invasion of North Africa, landing at Fedala on 8 November 1942, and captured half of French Morocco. Eight months later, on 10 July 1943, the division made an assault landing on Sicily, Licata town on the beach, to west, called Torre di Gaffi and Mollarella and on the beach, to east, called Falconara. Fought its way into Palermo before the armor could get there, and raced on to capture Messina, thus ending the Sicilian campaign. Nine days after the invasion of mainland Italy, on 18 September 1943, the 3rd landed at Salerno. Seeing intensive action along the way, the division drove to and across the Volturno River by October 1943, and then to Cassino, where the battle of Monte Cassino would later be fought. After a brief rest, the division was part of the amphibious landing at Anzio, 22 January 1944, as part of VI Corps of British and American units. It would remain there for four months in a toe-hold against furious German counterattacks. On 29 February 1944, the 3rd fought off an attack by three German divisions. In a single day of combat at Anzio, the 3rd Infantry Division suffered more than 900 casualties, the most of any U.S. division on one day in World War II. The division's former commander, John P. Lucas, was replaced as head of VI Corps by the 3rd Division's then-commander Lucian Truscott.

In late May, VI Corps broke out of the beachhead with the 3rd Division in the main thrust. Instead of defeating the Germans, Clark sent the division on to Rome. This allowed the enemy forces, which would otherwise have been trapped, to escape. The division was then removed from the front line and went into training for the Operation Dragoon, the invasion of Southern France.

On 15 August 1944, D-Day for Dragoon, the division landed at St. Tropez, advanced up the Rhone Valley, through the Vosges Mountains, and reached the Rhine at Strasbourg, 26–27 November 1944. After maintaining defensive positions it took part in clearing the Colmar Pocket on 23 January, and on 15 March struck against Siegfried Line positions south of Zweibrücken. The division advanced through the defenses and crossed the Rhine, 26 March 1945; then drove on to take Nuremberg in a fierce battle, capturing the city in block-by-block fighting, 17–20 April. The 3rd pushed on to take Augsburg and Munich, 27–30 April, and was in the vicinity of Salzburg when the war in Europe ended.

Elements of the 7th Infantry Regiment serving under the 3rd Infantry Division captured Hitler's retreat at Berchtesgaden.

During the war, 4,922 were killed in action, and 18,766 wounded with a further 636 who died of wounds.

Commanders
  1. MG Charles F. Thompson (July 1940 – August 1941)
  2. BG Charles P. Hall (August 1941 – September 1941)
  3. MG John P. Lucas (September 1941 – March 1942)
  4. MG Jonathan W. Anderson (March 1942 – March 1943)
  5. MG Lucian K. Truscott, Jr. (March 1943 – February 1944)
  6. MG John W. O'Daniel (February 1944 – December 1945)
  7. MG William R. Schmidt (July 1945 – August 1946)

Korean War

Commanders:

  1. MG Robert H. Soule (August 1950 – October 1951)
  2. MG Thomas J. Cross (October 1951 – May 1952)
  3. MG Robert L. Dulaney (May 1952 – October 1952)
  4. MG George W. Smythe (October 1952 – May 1953)
  5. MG Eugene W. Ridings (May 1953 – October 1953)

 

3rd Ranger Company troops getting ready to patrol the Imjin River, 1951.

During the Korean War, the division was known as the "Fire Brigade" for its rapid response to crisis. 3rd Infantry Division had been headquartered at Fort Benning along with its 15th Infantry Regiment. The 7th Infantry Regiment was located at Fort Devens.

3rd Infantry Division initially arrived in Japan where, as the Far East Command Reserve, it planned post conflict occupation missions in northern Korea. In Japan their strength was increased by augmentation from South Korean soldiers. They landed at Wŏnsan and received the 65th Infantry Regiment as their third maneuver element before moving north to Hungnam and Majon-dong.

 At Majon-dong they established a defensive position with the 65th Infantry and began fighting. 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 7th Infantry were on the left flank. The 15th Infantry was between the 7th and 65th Regiments. 3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry was set as the nucleus for Task Force Dog which was commanded by Brigadier General Armistead D. Mead, assistant 3rd Division commander and sent north to conduct a relief in place with 1st Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment at Chinhung-ni; the south end of the 1st Marine Division and support the withdrawal of 1st Marine Division and Regimental Combat Team 31 from the Chosin Reservoir. 3rd Infantry Division's TF Dog was the rearguard keeping the pressure off of the Marine column. The division established, along with the 7th Infantry Division a collapsing perimeter around the port of Hungnam until the last of X Corps was off the beach. The port of Hungnam was blown up to deprive the enemy the use of those facilities as the last of the 7th, 15th, and 65th Infantry units boarded ships.

The division went on to support combat missions of the Eighth Army until 1953 when it was withdrawn. Notably, the division fought valiantly, besides its extremely essential and able contribution during the Battle of the Chosin Reservoir, at the Chorwon-Kumwha area, Jackson Heights and Arrowhead outposts, and blocked a CCF push in the Kŭmsŏng Area in July 1953.

3rd Infantry Division received ten Battle Stars. Eleven more members of the unit received Medals of Honor during the Korean War. Eight were from the 7th Infantry Regiment: Jerry K. Crump (6 and 7 September 1951), John Essebagger, Jr. (25 April 1951), Charles L. Gilliland (25 April 1951), Clair Goodblood (24 and 25 April 1951), Noah O. Knight (23 and 24 November 1951), Darwin K. Kyle (16 February 1951), Leroy A. Mendonca (4 July 1951), and Hiroshi H. Miyamura, whose award was classified Top Secret until his repatriation (24 and 25 April 1951). Three more recipients were with the 15th Infantry Regiment: Emory L. Bennett (24 June 1951), Ola L. Mize (10 and 11 June 1953) and Charles F. Pendleton (16 and 17 July 1953).

During the Korean War, the division had 2,160 killed in action and 7,939 wounded.