"Eye Corps" was formerly stationed in Kyoto, Japan, to control the 24th and 25th Infantry Divisions but was inactivated on 28 March 1950. It was reactivated on 2 August 1950 at Pt. Bragg, N.C., from the former V U.S. Corps Headquarters.
I U.S. Corps arrived in Japan on 6 September 1950, becoming operational in Korea on 13 September.
It remained in Korea until 1971, when it was reduced to zero strength and later returned to the States.
The first demi-fleur-de-lis is used to represent France where the unit was activated in 1918, during World War I, and the three stars are used to refer to the Lorraine, St Mihiel, and Meuse-Argonne campaigns in which the unit participated during that war.
The second fleur-de-lis represents World War II and the five radial lines are used to denote the Central Europe, Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland and the Northern France campaigns, the one with the arrowhead symbolizing the assault landing in Normandy.
V Corps was established in battle during World War I at Remiremont, France, in July 1918. By the end of the war, the Corps had fought in three campaigns. Dubbed the "Victory Corps" in recognition of its rapid advance in the final phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, V Corps returned to the United States in 1919.
Reactivated at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana, in October 1940, V Corps took part in the Louisiana Maneuvers of 1941, then, in early 1942, deployed to Ireland after the U.S. declared war on Germany, providing the first American soldiers deployed to the European theater in World War II.
On June 6, 1944, V Corps assaulted Omaha Beach, Normandy. Corps soldiers then broke out from the beachhead, liberated Paris and Sedan, and raced to the German border by September 1944. After liberating Luxembourg City, the Corps fought in the Battle of the Bulge, captured Leipzig, made the first contact with the Soviets at Torgau, and liberated Plzen by May 1945.
In 1951, the Corps returned to Germany and defended the Fulda Gap during the Cold War.
After the collapse of the Warsaw Pact, Victory Corps soldiers deployed both units and individuals to Saudi Arabia for Operations DESERT SHIELD and DESERT STORM; and to other operations in Kuwait, northern Iraq, Croatia, Somalia, Macedonia, Rwanda, and Zaire.
In December 1994, as part of the realignment of U.S. forces, V Corps moved from the historic Abrams Building to Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg, severing a forty-three year tie with Frankfurt.
V Corps reached out to the armed forces of eastern Europe with numerous initiatives to foster closer ties and better understanding. Maintaining the NATO commitment, the Corps in 1994 created two bi-national corps with Germany. For NATO central region missions, V Corps commanded the 13th Panzer Grenadier Division, while II (GE) Korps commanded the U.S. 1st Armored Division.
In December 1995, V Corps deployed 1st Armored Division and elements of six separate brigades for the NATO Implementation Force in Bosnia. The Corps Headquarters, the 3rd Corps Support Command, and the separate brigades helped form the National Support Element headquartered in Hungary for U.S. forces in Bosnia. V Corps Artillery provided the command and control element for Task Force Victory, which commanded rear and other detachments and supported forward operations. Brigades of the two divisions rotated in the peace enforcement mission for a number of years in Bosnia. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, V Corps, was decorated with the Army Superior Unit Award in 1998 in recognition of the unit's performance in Operation JOINT ENDEAVOR.
In April 1999, V Corps deployed the headquarters and subordinate units to Albania as Task Force Hawk, a force involved in the on-going crisis in Kosovo. The 1st Infantry Division served in Kosovo twice and the 1st Armored Division served once, in addition to V Corps separate brigades.
At the end of 2002, V Corps deployed to Kuwait under USCENTCOM command for Operation IRAQI FREEDOM. The US-led coalition brought about a regime change in Iraq and satisfied international concerns about Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction Programs. V Corps and its brigades crossed into Iraq on March 21, 2003 as the main effort. In sixteen days of fighting, V Corps advanced more than 540 miles straight line distance from Kuwait to Baghdad, decisively defeated the Iraqi armed forces, and toppled the regime of Saddam Hussein.
On June 15, 2003, V Corps formed Combined Joint Task Force 7, based in Baghdad, and continued military operations to pacify the remainder of Iraq, rebuild the country, and create democratic institutions. As part of the CJTF-7 mission, V Corps soldiers sought out and arrested or killed the major figures in the Iraqi regime, culminating in the arrest of Saddam Hussein himself. On February 1, 2004, V Corps was succeeded in CJTF-7 by III Corps and redeployed to its home station in Heidelberg, Germany. In recognition of its combat achievements in Iraq, the Department of the Army, in 2004, awarded the V Corps Headquarters and Headquarters Company the Meritorious Unit Citation.
In January 2006, V Corps Headquarters redeployed to Iraq and replaced XVIII Airborne Corps as the command and control element for Multi-National Corps-Iraq. During its second year-long deployment, which ended on December 14, 2006, HQ, V Corps/MNC-I continued to lead coalition forces and made great strides battling a widespread insurgency, conducting a massive rebuilding effort, and paving the way for further democracy in Iraq.
V Corps, having returned to Germany in 2007, was scheduled for inactivation in 2009 as part of U.S. Army Europe's global rebasing, restructuring, and transformation efforts. This scheduled inactivation was initially postponed, then canceled. V Corps manned its first Command Post and deployed it to Afghanistan in the summer of 2009, and deployed its second Command Post element in the summer of 2010. In early 2011, the reconstitution, modularization, and relocation of V Corps to Wiesbaden Army Air Field (WAAF) were accelerated, and V Corps achieved initial operating capability at WAAF on 1 June 2011.
Ninety-three years after its activation in France, V Corps remains the only permanently forward deployed corps in the U.S. Army.