Unit Details

Eighth U.S. Army (EUSA)

8usa Eighth U.S. Army (Forward)   eusa   eusa

The Eighth US. Army (EUSA) served as the Japan occupation force headquartered in Yokohama. It established a forward headquarters in Taegu (sometimes spelled Taegue), South Korea, on 9 July 1950.

On 13 July it assumed command of all U.S. forces in Korea and formed Headquarters, Eighth U.S. Army in Korea (EUSAK), to control all forces within the country.

EUSA assumed direct command of all R.O.K. forces on 17 July 1950 from UNC. EUSA thus became the operational command of all U.S., UN., and R.O.K. ground forces in Korea while Far East Command controlled supporting U.S. Army, Air Force, and Navy forces in the region.

Once the front was stabilized, an Advanced Headquarters, Eighth U.S. Army, was maintained in Sŏul while the Main Headquarters, Eighth U.S. Army, was in Taegu. Major U.S. formations and units assigned to EUSA and the dates of their assignment follow.

 

13 Sept. 1950
I U.S. Corps
23 Sept. 1950
IX U.S. Corps
26 Dec. 1950
X U.S. Corps
15 Sept. 1950
 2d Engineer Special Brigade
27 July 1951
409th Engineer Brigade
11 Sept. 1950
10th Antiaircraft Artillery Group
15 June 1953
44th Antiaircraft Artillery Brigade (Provisional) (replaced above)
Aug. 1950
8046th Army Unit, Ordnance Field Group
11 Nov. 1951
59th Ordnance Group (replaced above)
15 July 1951
501st Communications Reconnaissance Group
7 Oct. 1951
8137th Army Unit, Military Police Group
1 July 1949
8202d Army Unit, U.S. Military Advisory Group to the R.O.K.
4 July 1950
Pusan Base Command
13 July 1950
Pusan Logistical Command (redesignated from above)
19 Sept. 1950
2d Logistical Command (Type C) (replaced above)
1 Aug. 1952
8006th Army Unit, Korean Communications Zone (KCOMZ) (absorbed 2d LogCom in Oct. 1952)
 
Eighth U.S. Army Special Troops (small administrative and support units)

 

June 26, 1950

   Korean_War

On 26 June the Eighth Army had just completed battalion-level training and had begun regiment-level training in its four infantry divisions. At this time two tactical air control parties (TACP's) were preparing for amphibious landing exercises scheduled at Camp McGill, Japan. The two TACP's (large enough for expansion into four TACP's if necessary), however, were special duty units, made up of individuals taken away from other primary duties, for FEAF had no assigned tactical control group for close support work with ground troops. For that matter, the USAF had only one such group, and it was located at Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina .

  

 As of 26 June 1950 the  Eighth Army was just completing battalion-level training. To expedite the mutual phases of this training, the Eighth Army and Fifth Air Force had exchanged liaison officers, and 16 out of 25 battalion tests conducted between March and May had included close-support (CAS) demonstrations under the direction of tactical air-control parties provided by the 620th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron.

Korean_War

The provisional air-control parties had obtained some beneficial experience, but for the most part these battalion demonstrations were "canned" problems, conducted over well-known ranges and lacking realism to the airmen who flew them. In many instances the lack of adequate bombing and gunnery ranges convenient to Army posts in populous Japan forced the aircrews to simulate their supporting strikes.