Unit Details

9th Field Artillery Battalion

 

Unit Info
Unit Info

 

9th Field Artillery Battalion

Headquarters Company

CO 

Rank Name From To Status
LTC
    John R. Magnusson
 
    4 February 1951  
LTC   Tom A. Arnold   5 February 1951  14 February 1951 
LTC Alvin L. Newbury 15 February 1951 10 April 1951  
LTC Tom A. Arnold 21 April 1951 4 October 1951  
LTC Willima B. Lee 5 October 1951 16 April 1962  
MAJ  Robert H Bingham 17 April 1952 20 July 1952  
LTC Robert A. Treneman 21 July 1952 9 July 1953  
LTC
  • Jerry Wimberley
10 July 1953 7 July 1954  
LTC Walters 8 July 1954 8 October 1954  
         
         

XO

Rank Name From To Status
          
             

S-1 Personnel

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

S-2 Intelligence

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

S-3 Plan sand Operations

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

S-4 Logistics

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

A Battery

A Battery

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

1st Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

2nd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

3rd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

B Battery

B Battery

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

1st Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

2nd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

3rd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

C Battery

C Battery

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

1st Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

2nd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

3rd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

4th Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

D Battery

D Battery

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

1st Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

2nd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

3rd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

4th Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

.

Medical Detachment

Medical Detachment

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

Service Company

Service Company

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

,

 

Unit Info

Unit Info

  9th Field Artillery Battalion

The 9th Field Artillery Regiment was organized at Schofield Barracks, Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, 3 June 1916. The regiment was unique in that it was the first completely motorized artillery unit in the world and the only U.S. artillery unit to have been organized overseas. This explains the Regiment's motto, "KULIA-l-KA-NUU" which, in Hawaiian means "Onward, still higher."

Assigned to the 19th Division on 9 November 1918, the regiment was inactivated 1 September 1921 at Ft. Sill, OK. The regiment's 1st Battalion was active from October 1922 to September 1937 at Ft. Des Moines, IA. The inactive regiment was assigned to the 7th Division 24 March 1923, the 9th Division on 15 August 1927, and the 4th Division on 1 January 1930. Assignment to the 3rd Division finally came on 1 October 1933.

The regiment was reactivated on 12 October 1939 at Ft. Lewis, WA, and was reorganized and re-designated 9th Field Artillery Battalion 1 October 1940.

As an organic unit of 3rd Division Artillery, the 9th landed in North Africa in the initial Division combat operation in World War II. At that time, the battalion was equipped with self-propelled 105mm howitzers but was later the only unit in the Division Artillery to be equipped with 155mm howitzers.

The 9th took part in 3d Division campaigns throughout the rest of the war, including the assaults on Sicily and Anzio in Italy. After assaulting St. Tropez and moving through Southern France, the battalion earned the Presidential Unit Citation and the French Croix de Guerre for actions at Colmar. The battalion entered the Rhineland in Germany. During the last few days of combat, the 9th participated in the capture of Berchtesgaden, Adolph Hitler's mountain stronghold retreat.

Following WWII, the 9th returned to Ft. Benning, GA, with the rest of the 3rd Infantry Division. The 9th was relieved from assignment to the 3d Infantry Division and shipped to Korea in August 1950. The battalion, equipped with towed 155mm howitzers, went into action in the famed "Bowling Alley Battle" near Taegu only three days after arriving at Pusan. After the breakout from the Pusan Perimeter, the 9th moved northward with the battle through Seoul, Pyongyang, Pakchon and Unsan. At Unsan, deep inside North Korea, a massive Chinese offensive struck United Nations forces and turned their advance into a withdrawal to the south of Seoul and the Han River. The 9th, firing mission after mission, and moving only to go into position to fire again, provided support which enabled other units to withdraw in good order and with minimum losses. South of Seoul on 17 January 195 1, the 9th came back home to the 3d Division.

During its tour of the Korean peninsula, the 9th was awarded the Bravery Gold Medal of Greece, as well as, two Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations for actions in the Uijongbu Corridor and the Iron Triangle. The battalion supported every division in Korea, including ROK divisions, with the exception of the U.S. 7th Division.

The 9th Field Artillery Battalion remained with the 3rd Infantry Division after the Korean War and returned to the United States. The battalion moved from Ft. Benning to Germany in the late 1950's.

During the reorganization of U.S. Army structure, the 9th Field Artillery Battalion was reorganized and redesignated as the 1st Battalion, 9th Artillery. On 1 April 1960, the battalion was reorganized and redesignated as the 1st Rocket Howitzer Battalion, 9th Artillery and returned its 155mm howitzers to be equipped with the nuclear capable Honest John Rocket System.

The 9th Field Artillery Battalion was reorganized and redesignated 3 June 1963 as the 1st Battalion, 9th Field Artillery and redesignated again on 1 September 1971 as the 1st Battalion, 9th Field Artillery. It was then inactivated on 10 July 1972 in Germany and relieved from assignment to the 3rd Infantry Division.

The 1st Battalion, 9th Field Artillery was reactivated on 17 January 1986 in Germany and equipped with the Pershing II Missile. During its first year of active service, the battalion received the Army Superior Unit Award for outstanding performance of dut and its rapid tactical certification on a new tactical system. The unit was then at the core of the dual track deployment of the Pershing II system and GLCM in western Europe. The signing of the INF treaty between the USA and the Soviet Union led to its inactivation on 30 June 1991 in Germany.

On 16 February 1996, the 1st Battalion, 9th Field Artillery was reassigned to the 3rd Infantry Division and activated at Ft. Stewart, GA, where it was equipped with the M109A6 Paladin Howitzer and is in direct support of the 2nd Brigade Combat Team.

1-9 Field Artillery Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division, Fort Stewart, GA.

 

 

 

 

The 9th Field Artillery Battalion in Korea 1950-1954

The 9th Field Artillery Battalion was relieved from assignment to the 3d Infantry Division at Fort Benning, Georgia, for shipment to Korea in August 1950. The Battalion went into action in the famed "Bowling Alley Battle" near Taegu only three days after arriving at Pusan. After the breakout from the Pusan Perimeter, the 9th moved northward with the battle through Seoul, Pyongyang, Packchon and Unsan. At Unsan, deep inside North Korea, the massive Chinese offensive struck United Nations Forces and turned their advance into a withdrawal which halted south of Seoul and the Han River. The 9th, firing mission after mission, and moving only to go into position to fire again, provided support which enabled other units to withdraw in good order and with minimum losses in men and materiel. It was south of Seoul on 17 January 1951 that the 9th came back home to the 3d Infantry Division. During its tour of the Korean Peninsula, the 9th had supported every division in Korea, including ROK Divisions, with the exception of the U. S. 7th Infantry Division.

Early in June 1953, the tempo of action stepped up, and the Division withstood heavy enemy attacks all along the front. The most bitter fighting took place on Outpost Harry on the Division's left center, and against the Boomerang on the right flank. Despite determined enemy assaults, preceded and accompanied by heavy artillery and mortar barrages, the line held firm and the Chinese withdrew, defeated. During the intense Chinese attacks the 9th Field Artillery Battalion fired thousands of rounds in support of front-line infantry units inflicting great losses upon the enemy each time. The largest and fiercest battle since 1951 began on the morning of July 14, 1953, when over 60,000 Chinese Communist Forces (CCF) an estimated seven Chinese Divisions, launched a massive attack against the Republic of Korea (ROK) Capital Division, located in the Kumsong River valley between Sniper Ridge, on the west, and Christmas Hill, on the east. On July 15, the 9th Field Artillery Battalion moved into position near Kumsong; and it was four or five days later that members of Headquarters Battery began learning details about the attack. Much of what we heard was that two 105mm battalions, the 92nd Armored Field Artillery Battalion and the 555th ("Triple Nickel") Field Artillery, had been hit hard.

Because the CCF offensive commenced on a cloudy day, it was shielded from aerial bombardment. A day later, the skies cleared and the air force started their attacks. But not before the 92nd and the 555th had been overwhelmed. Those battalions provided direct artillery support for the Capital Division. Shortly after the offensive began, the Capital broke and made a hasty and disorderly retreat. Some batteries of the 105mm units were not even notifed that there was no infantry between them and the CCF. One battery received orders to bore sight and fire at point blank range, . The crews looked up and saw CCF streaming down the mountain in front of them. A mortar round landed on the breech of one piece, disabling it and killing and wounding crew members. A CCF group had pulled a 90mm piece to a mountain top and were firing down on hapless gun pits. Only about 30% of the 92nd's Charlie Battery got out safely by the end of the day. Even worse, the Triple Nickel was overrun, suffering 22 killed, 19 wounded, and 46 captured. The captured had to march northward for several weeks and were not freed for two or more months after the truce was signed.

After the 3d Division, including its artillery and tank units, was in position by the evening of July 15, it staunched the flow of CCF, who had penetrated several miles. The 65th Infantry Regiment stood firm despite thousands of enemy mortar and artillery rounds; the 15th Regiment inflicted heavy casualties. On July 18, the 64th Tank Battalion routed a mass of CCF gathering for battle. In its counterattack, the 3rd Division tried several times to cross the Kumsong river and hold its north bank; but it abandoned the effort after July 20, when the battle wound down. Though the fighting continued along the front until the final minute prior to the cease fire at 2200 hours on 27 July 1953, the Chinese advanced no further. The enemy drive in the Kumsong sector had been stopped.

Unfortunately, the 9th Field Artillery Battalion's tour of duty in Korea was not without casualties killed and wounded by enemy action and those injured by accidents that occurred due to the nature of its equipment and the terrain and conditions under which it operated.

Commanders of the 9th Field Artillery Battalion in Korea:

Unit Details

usa 0009 9th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm)