Unit Details

159th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)

 Unit Info  

 

159th Field Artillery Battalion

Headquarters Company

CO 

Rank Name From To Status
  Walter J. Preston      
             

XO

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S-1 Personnel

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S-2 Intelligence

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S-3 Plan sand Operations

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S-4 Logistics

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A Battery

A Battery

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1st Gun

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2nd Gun

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3rd Gun

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B Battery

B Battery

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1st Gun

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2nd Gun

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3rd Gun

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C Battery

Colonel Champeny at 0400, 1 September, moved the 24th Regiment command post from Haman two miles northeast to a narrow defile on the New Engineer Road. At this time, an enemy group attacked C Battery, 159th Field Artillery Battalion, a mile north of Haman. Two tanks of the 88th Tank Battalion helped defend the battery until the artillerymen could pull out the howitzers and escape back through Haman and then eastward over this recently improved trail. [23-9]

The enemy assault did not strike the southern part of the line held by Corley's 3d Battalion, 24th Infantry, and Colonel Throckmorton's 5th Infantry. That part of the line, however, did receive artillery and mortar fire and some diversionary light attacks.

C Battery

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

1st Gun

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2nd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

3rd Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

4th Gun

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

D Battery

D Battery

Rank Name From To Status
             
             

1st Gun

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2nd Gun

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3rd Gun

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4th Gun

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.

Medical Detachment

Medical Detachment

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Service Company

Service Company

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,

 

Unit Info

Unit Info

 

 

159th Field Artillery Battalion
"Audax Vincendo"
("Bold by Overcoming")

 

Constituted 12 November 1942 and assigned to the 2nd Cavalry Division. Activated on 25 February 1943 with African-American personnel at Fort Clark, Texas. Relieved from assignment to 2nd Cavalry Division and inactivated at Camp Crowder, Missouri 15 February 1944. Reactivated on 27th September 1946 at Fort Benning with African-American personnel.

 

 

 

July 13, 1950

Assigned to 25th Infantry Division in Japan as the direct support battalion for the 24th Infantry Regiment. The 24th RCT landed in South Korea on 13 July 1950.

July 20, 1950

On 20 July the 24th RCT undertook the first offensive action by the 25th Division when is attacked and recaptured the vital road junction of Yech'ŏn. The fires of the 159th FA supported the attack. It was considered the first sizable American ground victory of the Korean War.

July 17, 1950

On 17 July the North Koreans drove the disorganized [ROK 23rd IR]  regiment south of Yŏngdök. The loss of this town so quickly was a demoralizing blow, and Eighth Army became at once concerned about it. During the day the first United States artillery to support the ROK's on the east coast, C Battery of the 159th Field Artillery Battalion, entered the fight. [12-3]

The enemy entry into Yŏngdök began three weeks of fighting for this key coastal town, with first one side and then the other holding it. Two or three miles of ground immediately south of it became a barren, churned up, fought-over no man's land. The first ROK counterattack came immediately.  


17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 Week 1
24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 Week 2
31, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06 Week 3
07, 08, 09 The Red 5th Division retakes Yŏngdök

August 12, 1950

Early that afternoon, (12 August 1300) as Craig had directed, Stewart and Taplett flew back to the Chindong-ni area for reconnaissance and planning prior to the arrival of 3/5. The Brigade commander had been able to give them very little initial information. About 2,000 to 2,500 enemy had infiltrated to the vicinity, according to Army estimates.

The two Marine officers were instructed to fly to a bridge over a dry stream bed, where they would be met and briefed by a 25th Division liaison officer awaiting them in a jeep with a red air panel on the hood.[8]

Stewart and Taplett found the bridge, though no jeep was in sight. After landing in the stream bed, they discovered a camouflaged Army light tank; but the officers of the armored company could not offer any enlightenment. A number of wire lines lay in the roadside ditch, and the Marine officers checked them, one by one. At length, by a process of trial and error, they found a line leading to the 25th Division CP and talked to the G–3.

He instructed them to “look the situation over” and decide upon a course of action to eliminate enemy activity in the area and provide security for the remaining artillery unit—a battery of the 159th Field Artillery Battalion which had been attached to the 555th. Then the Marine officers were to report to General Barth, ADC of the 25th Division, upon his arrival in the area to take the overall command.

 

The 159th Field Artillery Battalion continued to support the 24th Infantry Regiment through heavy fighting in six campaigns. The 159th batteries were often employed with infantry task forces. At a roadblock one battery destroyed twelve attacking enemy tanks with direct fire. The 159th received a Navy Presidential Unit Citation for its participation in support of the 1st Marine Division around Wŏnju and the Hwachon Reservoir during the repelling of the massive Chinese offensive in April -June 1951 and the subsequent UN counter-offensive. The 159th also received a Navy Unit Commendation for support of the 1st Marine Division in holding the UN battle lines around Panmunjom from August 1952-May 1953. In addition the 159th Field Artillery Battalion was awarded two Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations.

October 1, 1950

Shortly after the inactivation of the 24th Infantry on 1 October 1951

November 12, 1950

the 159th was relieved from assignment to the 25th Infantry Division on 12 November 1951. The 159th Field Artillery Battalion continued to serve in the Eighth Army through all ten Korean campaigns as an integrated battalion and remained in Korea after the end of hostilities as part of the Eighth Army

April 20, 1955

until inactivated on 20 April 1955. The battalion was redesignated as the 159th Field Artillery Rocket Battalion and reactivated on 15 January 1957 at Fort Sill. The battalion was inactivated on 24 June 1958 in Italy.