USAF Organizations in Korea 1950-1953 Judy G. Endicott http://www.afhra.af.mil/index.asp
49th Fighter-Bomber Group
Misawa, Japan, under the 49th Fighter-Bomber Wing. Deployed to Korea in June 1950, attached to the 8th Fighter-Bomber Wing, then the 6149th Tactical Support Wing. Operated under the 49th Fighter-Bomber Wing from December 1950. In April 1953, the wing switched designations with the 474th Fighter-Bomber Group and operated in Japan.
7th, 8th, and 9th Fighter-Bomber Squadrons
F-5ID, F-80 (Sept. 1950), F-84 (June-Sept. 1951)
The 49th FBG and its tactical squadrons began operations in the Korean War with F-51s and F80s in June 1950, first under its parent wing, then the 8th FBW, July- September, and finally the 6149th Tactical Support Wing, October-November.
The group's first task in South Korea was to
cover the evacuation of civilians from Kimp'o and Suwŏn. Next, it flew close air
support missions to help slow the advancing North Korean armies. Later, it
turned to the interdiction of enemy troops, supplies and communications. Phasing
out its F-51s for F-80s, the 49th FBG moved to Taegu AB on October 1, 1950,
becoming the first jet fighter outfit to operate from bases in South Korea. It received a Distinguished Unit
Citation for its combat operations during the first five months of the war. On December 1, the group again came under the 49th FBW. When the CCF offensive gained momentum in 1950-1951, the group again concentrated on ground support missions. It converted to F-84s, June -September 1951, one squadron at a time, while the others continued combat operations. The 49th FBG earned another DUC for its contribution to the success of the UN Summer-Fall Offensive. Afterwards, it engaged primarily in air interdiction operations against the main enemy channel of transportation, the roads and railroads between Pyongyang and Sinuiju. Also, it flew close air support missions for the ground forces and attacked high value targets, including the Sui-ho hydroelectric plants in June 1952 and the Kumgang Political School in October 1952. On July 27, 1953, the 49th FBG joined the 58th FBG to bomb Sunan Airfield for the final action of F-84 fighter-bombers during the Korean War.
7th Fighter-Bomber Squadron: duration, except detached July 9-August 17, 1950.
8th Fighter-Bomber Squadron: duration.
9th Fighter-Bomber Squadron: duration except detached August 17-c. September 6, 1950 and December 17, 1952-.
Misawa AB, Japan, -July 9, 1950; Itazuke AB, Japan, July 9, 1950; Taegu AB, South Korea, October 1,
1950; Kunsan AB, South Korea, April 1, 1953-.
Col. Stanton T. Smith, Jr., -October 21, 1950;
Col. John R. Murphy, October 21, 1950;
Col. Wilbur J. Grumbles, May 20, 1951;
Col. William L. Mitchell, November 4, 1951;
Lt. Col. Gordon F. Blood, May 20, 1952;
Col. Charles G. Teschner, 1952;
Col. Robert H. Orr, September 1952;
Col. Richard N. Ellis, January 17, 1953;
Col. Charles G. Teschner, April 1, 1953-.
UN Defensive; UN Offensive; CCF Intervention; First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea, Summer-Fall 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korea, Summer 1953.
Two Distinguished Unit Citations for actions [June]- November 25, 1950 and July 9-November 27, 1951. Two Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations for the periods [June] 1950-February 7, 1951 and February 8, 1951-March 31, 1953.
The North Korean People's Army was vulnerable to air attack on another account. The North Korean ground troops had evidently not been trained to meet the hazards of opposing air strikes. "In the early part of the combat," said Col. Stanton T. Smith, commander of the 49th Fighter-Bomber Group,
"the enemy troops were not too well indoctrinated in what airpower could do. Either that or they had a lot of guts, because we would time and time again find convoys of trucks that were bumper to bumper against a bridge that had been knocked out, and we'd go in to strafe them, and every man in the truck would stand up where he was and start firing his rifle at us. I don't think that I would have done that with the power that we were putting on them. #27