Unit Details

374th Troop Carrier Wing, Heavy

USAF Organizations in Korea 1950-1953 Judy G. Endicott http://www.afhra.af.mil/index.asp

 

 

374th Troop carrier Wing (Heavy)


Based at Tachikawa, Japan, operating a variety of transports to conduct airlift operations from Japan for the duration.


1st (Provisional) and

374th Troop Carrier Groups

 


21st, 47th (Provisional), and

324th Troop Carrier Squadrons
6142d, 6143d, and 6144th Air Transport Units


C-46, C-47, C-54, C-119, C-124

 

Groups

 


In June 1950, the 374th TCW was the only air transport wing assigned to Fifth Air Force.

By early September 1950, it was attached to the 1st Troop Carrier Task Force (Provisional), then on September 10 to the FEAF Combat Cargo Command (Provisional).

It was reassigned to the 315th Air Division (Combat Cargo) from January 1951 through the end of the war.

The Wing's assigned and attached components flew a variety of aircraft, including C-54s, C-46s, C-47s, C-119s, and C-124s, performing combat airlift, airdrops, and aeromedical evacuation in Korea throughout the war.


Combat Components


Stations


Tachikawa AB, Japan, duration.


Commanders

  1. Col. Troy W. Crawford, -September 1951;

  2. Col. Charles W. Howe, September 1951;

  3. Col. James W. Chapman, Jr., August 9, 1952-.


Campaign Streamers

  1. UN Defensive;

  2. UN Offensive;

  3. CCF Intervention;

  4. First UN Counteroffensive;

  5. CCF Spring Offensive;

  6. UN Summer-Fall Offensive;

  7. Second Korean Winter;

  8. Korea, Summer-Fall 1952;

  9. Third Korean Winter;

  10. Korea, Summer 1953.


Decorations


Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for period July 1, 1951-July 27, 1953.

Heraldry


Per bend Azure and Or, in chief a hand couped in armour, holding a dagger, point upward, issuing from its handle an arrow and a wheat stalk Or, in base a winged foot Azure, all within a diminished bordure of the second. Motto: CELERITER PUGNARE - Swiftly to fight. Approved for
374th Group on July 3, 1951 and for 374th Wing on December 20, 1951.

June 25, 1950 1130

Korean_War

General Partridge at once acknowledged the gravity of the situation, but he knew that the Far East Command had only one minor mission concerning Korea. At the outbreak of a war or general domestic disorder, and then only at the request of the American ambassador, the Far East Command was required to provide for the safety of American nationals in Korea. #14

For the accomplishment of the air-evacuation mission General MacArthur had charged FEAF to furnish such air-transport aircraft as might be needed to move Americans out of Korea. He had also charged FEAF to be ready to attack hostile ground and surface targets in support of the evacuation, but not before he issued specific instructions so to do. The Fifth Air Force had issued its operation plan on 1 March 1950.

Korean_War   Korean_War

Since Itazuke Air Base was closest to Korea, General Partridge had designated the commander of the 8th Fighter Bomber Wing as air-task force commander. Assisted by other combat wings as needful. the 8th Wing commander was directed to provide fighter cover for air and water evacuations. and he was given operational control over the transport planes which the 374th troop Carrier Wing would send to him from Tachikawa.

Korean_War

Other wing commanders had stipulated duties: the 3rd Bombardment Wing, for example, was to stage six B-26's to Ashiya Air Base (near Itazuke) where they would fly reconnaissance and cover missions over the water areas off Korea. #15

Shortly after 1130 hours General Partridge ordered all Fifth Air Force wing commanders to complete the deployments required to implement the air evacuation plan, but he cautioned all of them that flights to Korea would await further orders.#16

During the afternoon and early evening of 25 June Col. John M. ("Jack") Price, commander of the 8th Wing, marshaled his own F-80 and F-82 fighters, 10 B-26's, 12 C-54's, and 3 C-47's.

Korean_War

By a fortunate circumstance, the 8th Bombardment Squadron (Light) had come to Ashiya for a FEAF air-defense readiness test on 24 June, and its B-26's were in place when the alert sounded.