Unit Details

502nd Tactical Control Group

USAF Organizations in Korea 1950-1953 Judy G. Endicott http://www.afhra.af.mil/index.asp


502d Tactical Control Group
Deployed from the States in October 1950 and absorbed assets of the 6132d Tactical Support Group in Korea. Operated the Tactical Air Control Center and mobile
ground radar and communications sites to control air strikes. Remained in Korea for the duration.


605th Tactical Control Squadron (Tactical Air Control Center)
606th, 607th, 608th, 6132d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadrons
1st Shoran Beacon Unit/Squadron (Shoran = broadcast short-range navigation)

 

At the beginning of the Korean War, the U. S. Air Force's only tactical control group was the 502nd at Pope AFB, NC. To meet the emergency in the theater, the Fifth Air Force organized the 6132nd Tactical Air Control Squadron (later, Group), which established a full-scale Tactical Air Control Center (TACC) at Taegu, South Korea, on July 23, 1950.

Less than three months later, the 502nd moved to Korea and in October 1950, replaced the 6132nd in the mission of directing tactical air operations in Korea.

Through its 605th Tactical Control Squadron, the group operated the TACC and worked with the U. S. Army in a Joint Operations Center (JOC). Other squadrons operated tactical air direction centers (TADC), which used stationary and mobile radar and communications equipment to guide aircraft on close air support missions. The group also deployed tactical air control parties (TACP), which accompanied ground units to communicate with USAF strike aircraft.

The TACPs followed advancing UN troops into North Korea in October and November 1950, but the Chinese Communist offensive soon overran several of them. The 502nd headquarters and the TACC, which operated at Sŏul in November and part of December, were forced to return to Taegu at the end of the year.

 During the spring and summer of 1951, the 502nd directed night bombing of enemy targets, including troop concentrations, supply dumps, and motor convoys. As UN ground forces drove the enemy back across the 38th parallel, the group, TACC, and JOC returned to Sŏul in June.

In October, the 502nd set up a communications station 100 miles behind
enemy lines on Cho-do (Cho Island), three miles off the North Korean coast. From this location the detachment guided UN fighters against enemy airplanes in MiG Alley, bombers against strategic targets along the Yalu River, and search and rescue aircraft toward survivors who had ditched at sea.

On June 6, 1952, the 502nd was instrumental in the destruction of nine MiG-15 aircraft through highly effective control procedures to maneuver F-86 Sabres into attack positions. The following month, the 502nd
guided warplanes in devastating attacks on enemy troop formations, which blunted communist offensives until the Korean truce in July 1953.


Mission Components


Stations

6132nd:

  1. Taegu, South Korea, July 23, 1950;

  2. Pohang, South Korea, July 28, 1950;

  3. Pusan, South Korea, July 30, 1950;

  4. Taegu, South Korea, September 24-October 10, 1950.

502nd:

  1. Pusan, South Korea, September 24, 1950;

  2. Taegu, South Korea, October 3, 1950; Sŏul, South
    Korea, October 11, 1950;

  3. Taegu, South Korea, December 20, 1950;

  4. Sŏul, South Korea, June 15, 1951-.


Commanders


6132nd: Unknown.


502nd:

  1. Col. William P. McBride, -February 18, 1951;

  2. Col. Henry Riera, February 18, 1951;

  3. Col. Francis R. Delaney, May 3, 1952;

  4. Col. Ernest J. White, Jr., July 25, 1952;

  5. Col. Hugh C. Moore, June 15, 1953-.


Campaign Streamers


6132nd:

  1. UN Defensive;

  2. UN Offensive.


502nd:

  1.  UN Offensive;

  2. CCF Intervention;

  3. First UN Counteroffensive;

  4. CCF Spring Offensive;

  5. UN Summer-Fall Offensive;

  6. Second Korean Winter;

  7. Korea, Summer-Fall 1952;

  8. Third Korean Winter;

  9. Korea, Summer 1953.


Decorations


Two Distinguished Unit Citations for actions November 3, 1950-April 21, 1951 and May 1-November 30, 1952.


Three Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations for periods September 16, 1950-January 25, 1951, January 25, 1951-March 31, 1953, and October 1, 1952-July 27, 1953.

Heraldry


Argent, a disk Sable divided into five concentric rings and eight segments by division lines Vert, in dexter chief on and over the disk an aircraft Gules fimbriated of the first, in base on the disk a radar
screen of the like and second mounted on a mountainWhite and of the third, a lightning flash pointed at both ends Or outlined in Black forming an increscent on and over the edge of the disk. Submitted for approval in February 1953 and approved on August 25, 1953.

 

 

Unit Details

Unit name

502nd Tactical Control Group

 

502d Tactical Control Group


Deployed from the States in October 1950 and absorbed assets of the 6132d Tactical Support Group in Korea. Operated the Tactical Air Control Center and mobile ground radar and communications sites to control air strikes. Remained in Korea for the
duration.


605th Tactical Control Squadron (Tactical Air Control Center)
606th, 607th, 608th, 6132d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadrons
1st Shoran Beacon Unit/Squadron (Shoran = broadcast short-range navigation)

 


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search
502nd Tactical Control Group
Active 19501953
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Role Tactical Air Control


The 502nd Tactical Control Group was a United States Air Force unit that fought in the Korean War. The unit was attached to Far East Air Forces Fifth Air Force


Operational Units:


605th Tactical Control Squadron: duration.
606th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron: duration.
607th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron: duration.
608th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron: 2 November 1951.
6132d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron: 9 October 1950 2 November 1951.


1st Shoran Beacon Unit (later, Squadron): attached 27 September 1 December 1950 and 6 September 1952.


At the beginning of the Korean War, the U.S. Air Force's only tactical control group was the 502nd at Pope AFB, NC. To meet the emergency in the theater, the Fifth Air Force organized the 6132nd Tactical Air Control Squadron (later, Group), which established a full-scale Tactical Air Control Center (TACC) at Taegu, South Korea, on 23 July 1950. Less than three months later, the 502nd moved to Korea and in October 1950, replaced the 6132nd in the mission of directing tactical air operations in Korea. Through its 605th Tactical Control Squadron, the group operated the TACC and worked with the U.S. Army in a Joint Operations Center (JOC). Other squadrons operated tactical air direction centers (TADC), which used stationary and mobile radar and communications equipment to guide aircraft on close air support missions.


The group also deployed tactical air control parties (TACP), which accompanied ground units to communicate with USAF strike aircraft. The TACPs followed advancing UN troops into North Korea in October and November 1950, but the Chinese Communist offensive soon overran several of them. The 502nd headquarters and the TACC, which operated at Sŏul in November and part of December, were forced to return to Taegu at the end of the year. During the spring and summer of 1951, the 502nd directed night bombing of enemy targets, including troop concentrations, supply dumps, and motor convoys.

As UN ground forces drove the enemy back across the 38th parallel, the group, TACC, and JOC returned to Sŏul in June. In October, the 502nd set up a communications station 100 miles behind enemy lines on Cho-do (Cho Island), three miles off the North Korean coast. From this location the detachment guided UN fighters against enemy airplanes in MiG Alley, bombers against strategic targets along the Yalu River, and search and rescue aircraft toward survivors who had ditched at sea.

On 6 June 1952, the 502nd was instrumental in the destruction of nine MiG-15 aircraft through highly effective control procedures to maneuver F-86 Sabres into attack positions. The following month, the 502nd guided warplanes in devastating attacks on enemy troop formations, which blunted communist offensives until the s:Korean Armistice Agreement was signed in July 1953.


Stations:


Pusan, South Korea, (September October 1950)
Taegu, South Korea, (October 1950)
Sŏul, South Korea, (October 1950 July 1953)
[edit] See also