Unit Details

1st Marine Regiment

  

The 1st Marines was reactivated 4 August 1950 at Camp Pendleton, California and assigned to the 1st Marine Division. Deployed during September 1950 to Kobe, Japan. Participated in the Korean War, September 1950-July 1953, operating from Inchon-Seoul, Chosin Reservoir, East Central Front, Western Front. Participated in the defense of the Korean Militarized Zone, July 1953-April 1955. Relocated during April 1955 to Camp Pendleton, California.

Regimental Organization

CO - Commanding Officer

Rank Name From To Status
Col. Colonel Lewis B. Puller 7/20/50
Col. Colonel Lewis B. Puller 5 August 1950-24 January 1951      
Col.  Francis M. McAlister 25 January 1951-18 May 1951      
Col.  Wilburt S. Brown 19 May 1951-17 July 1951      
Col.  Thomas A. Wornham 18 July 1951-11 October 1951      
Col.  Sidney S. Wade 12 October 1951-7 April 1952      
Col.  Walter N. Flournoy 8 April 1952-24 July 1952      
Col.  Walter P. Layer 25 July 1952-20 November 1952      
Col.  Hewitt D. Adams 21 November 1952-30 April 1953      
Col. Wallace N. Nelson 1 May 1953-10 October 1953      
Col. Ormond R. Simpson 11 October 1953-15 February 1954      
Col.  William K. Jones 16 February 1954-9 July 1954      
Col. Wilmer E. Barnes 10 July 1954-24 January 1955      
Col.  Nelson K. Brown 25 January 1955-30 September 1955      
         
         













XO - Executive Officer

Rank Name From To Status
Robert Rickert

Adjutant

Rank Name From To Status
Major W.C. Reeves

S1 - Personnel Section

Rank Name From To Status

S2 - Intelligence Section

Rank Name From To Status

S-3 Operations Section

Rank Name From To Status
Robert E. Lorigan

S-4 Logistics Section

Rank Name From To Status

COM - Communication

Rank Name From To Status
Capt William R.Holt

Chaplain

Rank Name From To Status
Lt. USN Kevin J. Keaney
Lt. USN James Lewis,

Antitank Company

Rank Name From To Status
CO Capt George E. Petro
ExO 1stLt John A. Dudrey

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1st Battalion


  
1st Battalion 1st Marines

2nd Battalion


  
2nd Battalion 1st Marines

3rd Battalion


 
3rd Battalion 1st Marines


CoO 1stLt Chester E. Tucker 2ndLt Harold L. Coffman

4.2-Inch Mortar Company

CO Capt Frank J. Faureck

ExO 1stLt Otis R. Waldrop

CoO 1stLt Edward E. Kaufer

2ndLt Richard C. Eykyn

2ndLt Francis R. Hittinger, Jr. (WIA,28Nov)

Headquarters-&-Service Company

CO Capt Frank P. Tatum

 

 

Be sure to also click the link above called "abbreviations" as that will give you pages for more information about the structure. br>(I would like to thank the Marine Infantryman that called anonymously to correct my numbers in the regiment on Sept. 23, 2004. God Bless and Semper Fi!)

NOTE: Field Artillery Units are not referred to as a Company; they are called a "Battery". As an example, E Btry 2Bn 11th MAR. You will know this is a Field Artillery Unit where "E" is the "Battery" rather than a company name.

 

1st Marine Regiment (United States)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1st Marine Regiment
1st Marine Regiment insignia (transparent background).png
1st Marines Insignia
Active
  • 27 November 1913 20 December 1916
  • 25 January 1917 22 April 1922
  • 1 August 1922 1 July 1924
  • 15 March. 1925 1 November 1931
  • 1 March 1941 1 October 1949
  • 4 August 1950 present
Country United States
Branch USMC
Type Infantry regiment
Role Locate, close with and destroy the enemy with fire and maneuver
Part of 1st Marine Division
I Marine Expeditionary Force
Garrison/HQ Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
Nickname Inch'ŏn
Motto "No Better Friend, No Worse Enemy"
Engagements Banana Wars
* Occupation of Haiti
* Occupation of the Dominican Republic
World War II
* Battle of Guadalcanal
* Battle of Peleliu
* Battle of Okinawa
Korean War
* Battle of Inch'ŏn
* Battle of Chosin Reservoir
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
* 2003 invasion of Iraq
* Operation Vigilant Resolve
* Operation Phantom Fury
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel David J. Furness
Notable
commanders
Clifton B. Cates
Chesty Puller
Paul X. Kelley
Clifford L. Stanley

The 1st Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California. The regiment, sometimes known as "Inch'ŏn", falls under the command of the 1st Marine Division and the I Marine Expeditionary Force.

Subordinate units

The Regiment comprises four infantry battalions and one headquarters company:

History

The 1st Marines were activated in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 27 November 1913. At this time it bore the designation of 2nd Advanced Base Regiment. During the early years of its existence, the regiment was primarily employed as a combat force in the so-called Banana Wars, in the Caribbean area. The first of these engagements occurred in April 1914 when the regiment landed and seized the Mexican port of Vera Cruz.

They next participated in the Haitian campaign (19151916) and the Dominican Republic campaign (1916). On 1 July 1916, this organization was re-designated as the 1st Regiment of Marines. In December 1918, the 1st Regiment returned to the Caribbean and was deployed to Cuba for approximately six months.

Following its second Dominican tour of duty it was deactivated, but was subsequently reactivated at Quantico, Virginia on 15 March 1925. The Regiment received its present designation of 1st Marines on 10 July 1930. The decade of the 1930s was a period of inactivity in the 1st Marines' history, as the unit was in a deactivated status during most of this time. World War II was the occasion for the next reactivation of the Regiment on 1 February 1941 at Culebra, Puerto Rico as part of the 1st Marine Division.

World War II

The 1st Marines stood at a low state of readiness at the beginning of the war having just been reconstituted from cadre status however they did possess very strong leadership at the higher levels. They set sail from San Francisco in June 1942 on board a mix of eight ships headed for the South Pacific. The 1st Marines landed on the island of Guadalcanal, part of the Solomon Islands, on 7 August 1942 and would fight in the Battle of Guadalcanal until relieved on 8 December 1942.

Some of the heaviest action the regiment would see on Guadalcanal took place on 21 August 1942 during the Battle of the Tenaru, which was the first Japanese counter-attack of the campaign. Following their first campaign, the regiment was sent to Melbourne, Australia to rest and refit. During their stay there they were billeted in the Melbourne Cricket Ground until leaving in September 1943.

The 1st Marines would next see action during Operation Cartwheel which was the codename for the campaigns in Eastern New Guinea and New Britain. The regiment would be the first ashore at the Battle of Cape Gloucester on 26 December 1943. They fought on New Britain until February 1944 at such places as Suicide Creek and Ajar Ridge.

The next battle for the 1st Marines would be the bloodiest yet at the Battle of Peleliu. The regiment landed on 15 September 1944 as part of the 1st Marine Division's assault on the island. The division's commanding general, Major General William H. Rupertus had predicted the fighting would be, "...tough but short. It'll be over in three of four days a fight like Tarawa. Rough but fast. Then we can go back to a rest area.".

The 1st Marines fought on Peleliu for 10 days before being pulled off the lines after suffering 56% casualties and no longer being combat effective. The regiment was decimated by heavy artillery and accurate small arms fire in the vicinity of Bloody Nose Ridge. Repeated frontal assaults with fixed bayonets failed to unseat the Japanese defenders from the 14th Division (Imperial Japanese Army). Ten days of fighting on Peleliu cost the 1st Marine Regiment 1,749 casualties.

The last World War II engagement for the regiment was the Battle of Okinawa.

In September 1945, the 1st Marines deployed to North China to take part in the garrisoning of the area and in the repatriation of former enemy personnel. It remained in China until February 1949. It is also likely that they were stationed in North China to bolster the Chinese Nationalists defense against the Chinese Communists. The presence of the 1st Marines was used as leverage by George C. Marshall in 194546 to attempt to moderate a settlement to the impending Chinese Civil War. They returned to Camp Pendleton and were deactivated on 1 October 1949.

Korean War

Col. Chesty Puller at Inch'ŏn leading 1st Marines

The Korean War resuscitated the buildup of the Marine Corps. As a result, the regiment was brought back into existence on 4 August 1950. On 15 September, the 1st Marine Division, including the 1st Marines, assaulted the beaches of Inch'ŏn.

The regiment then went on to take part in the liberation of Sŏul and later in the noted Chosin Reservoir Campaign. For the next two and one-half years, the 1st Marines continued to engage the North Koreans and Chinese Communists. Following the termination of hostilities in July 1953, the Regiment remained in Korea and acted as a defensive force against possible Communist attempts to rekindle the war. The 1st Marines returned to Camp Pendleton in April 1955. There it stayed for the following ten years except for a brief deployment to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba and the Caribbean during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis.

Medal of Honor recipients

Fourthtwo (42) Marines from the 1st Mar Div, of which Nineteen (19) Marines from the 1st Marines have been awarded the Medal of Honor 7 during World War II, 10 during the Korean War, and two during the Vietnam War.

World War II Korean War Vietnam War
  1. Sgt. John Basilone, Guadalcanal
  2. Capt. Everett P. Pope, Peleliu
  3. PFC William A. Foster, Okinawa
  4. Sgt. Elbert L. Kinser, Okinawa
  5. Cpl. John P. Fardy, Okinawa
  6. Pvt. Dale M. Hansen, Okinawa
  7. Cpl. Louis J. Hauge, Jr., Okinawa
  1. PFC Walter C. Monegan, Jr.
  2. PFC Stanley R. Christianson
  3. 1stLt Henry A. Commiskey
  4. PFC William B. Baugh
  5. Maj. Reginald R. Myers
  6. Capt. Carl L. Sitter
  7. TSgt. Harold E. Wilson
  8. Cpl. Charles G. Abrell
  9. PFC Edward Gomez
  10. Cpl. Joseph Vittori
  1. PFC Gary W. Martini
  2. Sgt. Alfredo C. Gonzalez

See  MEDAL OF HONOR BREAKDOWN