Unit Details

USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195)

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USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195)


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Echo - Alpha - Tango
NEAT
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - National Defense Service Medal
Bottom Row - Korean Service Medal (8) - United Nations Service Medal - Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive)


Marine Adder Class Transport:
  • Laid down, 16 December 1944, as a Maritime Commission type (C4-S-A3) hull under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 2365) at Kaiser Shipbuilding Corp, Vancouver, WA.
  • Launched, 9 August 1945
  • Delivered to the Maritime Commission, 9 November 1945, for charter to Moore-McCormack Lines, for operations
  • Returned to the Maritime Commission in 1947 for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay, Benecia, CA.
  • Acquired by the Navy, 21 July 1950 and placed in service, by the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) as USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195)
  • During the Korean War USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195) participated in the following campaigns:

    Korean War Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    North Korean Aggression
    24 September to 29 October 1950
    Second Korean Winter
    30 to 31 December 1951
    17 to 23 February 1952
    10 to 11 April 1952
    First UN Counter Offensive
    8 to 10 February 1951
    Korean Defense Summer-Fall 1952
    20 to 21 August 1952
    2 to 3 October 1952
    20 to 21 and 23 to 24 November 1952
    Communist China Spring Offensive
    28 to 29 April 1951
    13 to 14 June 1951
    Third Korean Winter
    14 to 15 January 1953
    UN Summer-Fall Offensive
    7 to 10 August 1951
    20 to 21 September 1951
    11 to 13 November 1951
    Korean Summer-Fall 1953
    16 to 20 May 1953
    12 to 14 July 1953

  • Placed out of service, struck from the Naval Register, and transferred to the Maritime Administration (MARAD) for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Astoria, OR., 3 November 1958
  • Sold by MARAD for merchant service, 24 April 1967, to Mohawk Shipping Inc. for conversion to a cargo ship, renamed SS Mohawk
  • Final Disposition, scrapped at Taiwan in 1979
  • USNS Marine Phoenix earned eight battle stars for Korean service
    Specifications:
    Displacement 6,720 t.(lt) 10,210 t.(fl)
    Length 524'
    Beam 72'
    Draft 26'
    Speed 17 kts.
    Complement unknown
    Troop Accommodations 3,674
    Armament none
  • Propulsion
    steam turbine
    single propeller, 13,750shp
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    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195)
    Marine Phoenix 124k SS Marine Phoenix working cargo in 1950, location unknown.
    Naval History and Heritage Command, Photo No. NH 92048. Courtesy of William H. Davis, 1981.
    Mike Green
    Marine Phoenix 88k USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195) under way in south Elliott Bay at Seattle, WA., circa early 1950s. Richard
     Leonhardt
    Marine Phoenix 118k US Army and Republic of Korea Navy personnel crowd the rails as USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195) arrives at Seattle, WA., after a voyage from the Far East. The ROK Navy men were brought to the US to crew several US Navy ships being transferred to Korea. Note metal life boat on davits in center, with grab rails on its hull. Photograph dated 18 January 1952.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-438390, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives
    US Naval Historical Center
    General John Pope
    NH 104591
    87k The MSTS Reserve Fleet nest at the Navy Industrial Reserve Shipyard, Everett, WA., 25 June 1957, looking north. The ships, from right to left, are;
    USNS General John Pope (T-AP-110),
    USNS General M. C. Meigs (T-AP-116),
    USNS General William Weigel (T-AP-119),
    USNS General R. L. Howze (T-AP-134),
    USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195),
    USNS Marine Adder (T-AP-193), and
    USNS Marine Lynx (T-AP-194).
    They are in MSTS Ready Reserve status. All were moved to the Maritime Administration reserve fleets at Olympia and Astoria in 1958. During World War II this site was occupied by the Everett Pacific Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., which built net laying ships, non-self propelled barracks ships, self-propelled covered lighters and small harbor tugs. Larger ships were repaired at the piers where the MSTS ships were later moored.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo #'s NH 104591 and NH 104592
    Robert Hurst
    General John Pope
    NH 104592
    86k
    General John Pope 79k The MSTS Reserve Fleet nest at the Navy Industrial Reserve Shipyard, Everett, WA., 25 June 1957, looking west. The ships, from front to rear, are;
    USNS General John Pope (T-AP-110),
    USNS General M. C. Meigs (T-AP-116),
    USNS General William Weigel (T-AP-119),
    USNS General R. L. Howze (T-AP-134),
    USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195),
    USNS Marine Adder (T-AP-193), and
    USNS Marine Lynx (T-AP-194).
    They are in MSTS Ready Reserve status. All were moved to the Maritime Administration reserve fleets at Olympia and Astoria in 1958. During World War II this site was occupied by the Everett Pacific Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., which built net laying ships, non-self propelled barracks ships, self-propelled covered lighters and small harbor tugs. Larger ships were repaired at the piers where the MSTS ships were later moored.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 104594
    Robert Hurst
    General John Pope 90k TThe MSTS Reserve Fleet nest at the Navy Industrial Reserve Shipyard, Everett, WA., 25 June 1957, looking east. The ships, from back to front , are;
    USNS General John Pope (T-AP-110),
    USNS General M. C. Meigs (T-AP-116),
    USNS General William Weigel (T-AP-119),
    USNS General R. L. Howze (T-AP-134),
    USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195),
    USNS Marine Adder (T-AP-193), and
    USNS Marine Lynx (T-AP-194).
    They are in MSTS Ready Reserve status. All were moved to the Maritime Administration reserve fleets at Olympia and Astoria in 1958. During World War II this site was occupied by the Everett Pacific Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., which built net laying ships, non-self propelled barracks ships, self-propelled covered lighters and small harbor tugs. Larger ships were repaired at the piers where the MSTS ships were later moored.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 104593/i>
    Robert Hurst
    Marine Phoenix 125k USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195) moored pierside, date and location unknown. Tommy Trampp
    Merchant Service
    Marine Phoenix 139k Ex-USNS Marine Phoenix (T-AP-195) moored pierside while in merchant service as Mohawk Shipping Inc.s cargo ship SS Mohawk, date and location unknown. (The woman is unidentified) Tommy Trampp

    Marine Phoenix(T‑AP‑195: dp. 10,210; l. 523'; b. 72'; dr. 26'; s. 17 k.; trp. 3,674; a. none; cl. Marine Adder; T.C4‑S‑A3)

    A merchant name retained.

    Marine Phoenix (T‑AP‑195) was laid down under Maritime Commission contract by Kaiser Co., Inc., Vancouver, Wash., 16 December 1944; launched 9 August 1945; sponsored by Mrs. Thomas M. Robins; and delivered to her operator, Moore‑McCormack Lines, Inc., 9 November 1945.

    In early December Marine Phoenix steamed to Seattle where she embarked occupation troops and sailed for Japan 12 December. She carried her passengers to Nagoya, embarked. homeward‑bound veterans of the Pacific campaigns, and returned to Seattle 4 to 16 January 1946. During the next five months she continued trooplift runs out of Seattle to Japan, Korea, China, the Marianas, and the Hawaiian Islands. In 1947 she entered the Maritime Commission Reserve Fleet at Suisun Bay, Calif., where she remained for 3 years.

    KOREA

    Following the invasion of South Korea by North Korean Communists, Marine Phoenix was acquired by the Navy from the Maritime Commission 21 July 1950; placed in service August 1950; and assigned to duty with MSTS.

    Unit Officers Enlisted Total
    2ndBn 11thMar 41 643 684
    1st MedBn 28 94 122
    "A" Co 1stMedBn 10 92 102
    "B" Co 1stMedBn 7 89 96
    "C" Co 1st Bn5thMar 9 370 379
    "I" Co 3rdBn 5thMar 9 360 369
    "F" Co 2ndBn 5thMar 8 379 387
    HqCo HqBn 1 61 62
    1st SigBn 11 133 144
    Sig Co 1stSigBn 6 141 147
    ANGLICO 15 182 197
    Carrier Plat 2 82 84
    147 2626 2773

    Manned by a civil service crew, she began trooplifts to the Far East later in August and reached Korean waters 2 September. During the next 3 years she bolstered the free world's stand to repel Communist aggression in Korea and completed 19 round trips to the western Pacific and back. Operating out of Seattle and San Francisco, she carried troops and supplies to Japanese and Korean ports including Sasebo, Yokohama, Pusan, and Inchon. In addition during February 1952 she shuttled troops to Kojedo Island in response to mounting unrest among POW-s through Communist agitators. Following the uneasy armistice which ended hostilities in Korea, she returned veterans to the United States. After reaching Seattle from Inchon 5 December 1953, she was placed in reduced operational status until 30 April 1954.

    Marine Phoenix, then resumed transport service in the Far East, and during the remainder of the year she made six runs to the western Pacific out of west coast ports including Seattle and San Diego. Returning to Seattle 3 January 1955, she resumed reduced operational status until 4 December; she sailed for South Korea 9 December. She reached Inchon 27 December; shuttled troops to Japan and Okinawa; and, from 3 to 19 January 1956, steamed to the west coast. Between 30 January and 14 March she completed one more round trip to the Far East; then was again in reduced status at Seattle. On 3 November 1958 she arrived Astoria, Oreg., where she transferred to the Maritime Administration and was placed with the National Defense Reserve Fleet in the Columbia River. Her name was struck from the Navy list the same day. Marine Phoenix was sold to Mohawk Shipping Inc., 25 April 1967, converted to a general cargo ship and renamed Mohawk.

    Marine Phoenix received eight battle stars for Korean service.

    Published:Wed Aug 05 15:44:33 EDT 2015