Unit Details

USS Cavalier (APA-37)

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Contributed by Mike Smolinski

USS Cavalier (APA-37)


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International Radio Call Sign:
November - Kilo - Charlie - Yankee
NKCY
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
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Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive) - China Service Medal (extended)
Second Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (5) - World War II Victory Medal
Third Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - National Defense Service Medal (2) - Korean Service Medal (4)
Fourth Row - Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (3-Vietnam) - Vietnam Service Medal (5) - Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation (4)
Fifth Row - United Nations Service Medal - Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal - Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive)
Individual Awards
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Purple Heart (1 killed 22 wounded in action, 9 January 1945, 50 wounded in action 30 January 1945)

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USS Cavalier (AP-37) was manned by the US Coast Guard during World War II
Bayfield Class Attack Transport:
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Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
Marianas operation
Capture and occupation of Saipan, 16 June to 28 July 1944
Luzon operation
Lingayen Gulf landings, 9 to 10 January 1945
Tinian capture and occupation
24 to 28 July 1944
Manila Bay - Bicol operation
Zambles-Subic Bay, 29 January 1945
Leyte operation
Leyte landings, Dulag, 20 and 18 November 1944
 

Following World War II USS Cavalier was assigned to Occupation and China service in the Far East for the following periods:
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Navy Occupation Service Medal
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China Service Medal (extended)
19 April to 25 June 1950 23 May 1946 to 7 April 1947
  30 April to 14 December 1948
  28 December 1951 to 22 January 1952

During the Korean War USS Cavalier participated in the following campaigns:
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Korean War Campaigns
Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
North Korean Aggression
18 to 22 July 1950
3 to 12 September 1950
8 to 31 October 1950
UN Summer-Fall Offensive
5 August 1951
Inchon Landing
13 to 17 September 1950
Second Korean Winter
1 to 7 December 1951
3 to 4 February 1952

During the Vietnam War USS Cavalier participated in the following campaigns:
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Vietnam War Campaigns
Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
Vietnamese Counteroffensive
27 March to 1 April 1966
10 to 30 June 1966
Tet Counteroffensive 30 January to 5 February 1968
4 to 5 March 1968
Vietnamese Counteroffensive Phase II 1 July to 6 August 1966 Vietnamese Counteroffensive Phase IV
1 to 10 May 1968
Vietnamese Counteroffensive Phase III
19 to 21 and 25 to 29 January 1968
 


Specifications:
Displacement 8,100 t.(lt), 16,100 t.(fl)
Length 492' 6"
Beam 69' 6"
Draft 26' 6"
Speed 18.4 kts (lim)
Complement
Officers 51
Enlisted 472
Flag Accommodation
Officers 43
Enlisted 108
Troop Accommodation
Officers 76
Enlisted 1,489
Largest Boom Capacity 30 t.
Cargo Capacity 4,700DWT
non-refrigerated 200,000 Cu ft.
Boats
twelve LCVPs
four LCMs (Mk-6)
three LCP(L)s (MK-IV)
Armament
two single 5"/38 cal dual purpose gun mounts, one fore and one aft
two quad 1.1" gun mounts, aft port and starboard, replaced by two single 40mm AA gun mounts
four twin 40mm AA gun mounts
eighteen single 20mm AA gun mounts
Fuel Capacities
NSFO 8,510 Bbls
Diesel 750 Bbls
Propulsion
one General Electric geared turbine
two Combustion Engineering D-type boilers, 465psi 765
double General Electric Main Reduction Gears
three turbo-drive 250Kw 240V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
one propeller 8,500shp

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Size Image Description Contributed
By
USN_Units 141k USS Cavalier (APA-37) at anchor, date and location unknown. She is decked out in camouflage Measure 32 Design 3D.
US Navy photo
 
USN_Units 111k USS Cavalier (APA-37) under way, date and location unknown.
US Navy photo
Gerhard Mueller-Debus
USN_Units 32k USS Cavalier (APA-37) at anchor, date and location unknown. circa mid-1950s Richard Miller BMCS USNR Ret.
USN_Units 686k USS Cavalier (APA-37) departing Mare Island Naval Shipyard, 25 June 1957. USS Los Angeles (CA 135) is astern of Cavalier at the finger pier in the shipyard.
File name: APA 37 34897-6-57, Navy Photo, 6/25/57
Darryl Baker
USN_Units 180k USS Cavalier (APA-37) anchored at Yokosuka, Japan in the summer of 1957. Photo by John Hughes, submitted by Derick Hartshorn
USN_Units 88k USS Cavalier (APA-37) underway off Hong Kong, BCC, 1959 Photo by Russell Cole ex-ET2 USN
USN_Units 83k USS Cavalier (APA-37) at anchor in Hong Kong, BCC, harbor, 1959 Photo by Russell Cole ex-ET2 USN
USN_Units 199k USS Ajax (AR-6) with; USS Cavalier (APA-37), USS Currituck (AV-7) and USS Boyd (DD-544) alongside at Naval Station Sasebo, Japan, circa 1961-62.
US Navy photos from the collection of CDR. R.F. Dresel USN, USS Currituck
Suzanne D. Simpson
USN_Units 134k USS Cavalier (APA-37) on maneuvers during a 16-18 December 1963 visit by Secretary of the Navy Paul H. Nitze to the West Coast. Her configuration appears roughly similar to that of Bayfield in 1952, with a signal mast and an additional level on the lower command deckhouse.
US Navy photo # KN-8765, courtesy Shipscribe,com
Robert Hurst
USN_Units 117k USS Cavalier (APA-37) moored pierside at Naval Station San Diego, 5 February 1966 Richard Leonhardt
USN_Units 124k USS Cavalier (APA-37) underway, off San Diego, date unknown. George B Barber, Marine Photo and Publishing Co. San Diego CA.
Copies of this photo are available from Marine Photo and Publishing Co.
Contributed by Tom Gonzales
USN_Units 99k USS Cavalier (APA-37) underway, date and location unknown.
US Navy photo from the collections of the US Naval Institute.
Tommy Trampp
USN_Units 114k USS Cavalier (APA-37) at anchor, date and location unknown.
US Navy photo
Gerhard Mueller-Debus

Commanding Officers
  CDR, Perry, Roger Edison, USN (24) (Ferry Crew #1) 19 July 1943 - 4 August 1943
  Decommissioned 4 August 1943 - 15 January 1945
01 CAPT. McEllgiott, Raymond Thomas USCG :RADM 15 January 1943 - 30 September 1944
02 CAPT. Hall Arthur Graham USCG :RADM 30 September 1944 - 13 June 1945
03 CDR. Maclean, C. R. USCG 13 June 1945 - 2 September 1945
04 CAPT. Guisness, Carl E. USCG 2 September 1945 - 16 April 1946
05 CAPT. Earl, Kenneth USN 16 April 1946 - 20 June 1947
06 CDR. Johnson, Arthur Robert USN 20 June 1947 - 22 July 1947
07 CAPT. Clement, Chester Lee USN 22 July 1947 - 29 July 1948
08 CAPT. Armentrout Jr., Erasmus Wilson USN 29 July 1947 - 2 July 1949
09 CAPT. Bowling, Selman Stewart :RADM USN 2 July 1949 - 24 July 1950
10 CAPT. Sweeney, Daniel Joseph. ;RADM USN 24 July 1950 - 17 Aug. 1951
11 CAPT. Uehling, Gordan Alexander USN 17 August 1951 - 17 August 1952
12 CAPT. Eller, Donald. Temple ;RADM USN 17 August 1952 - 24 July 1953
13 CAPT. Post Jr., William.Schuyler ; RADM USN 24 July 1953 - 15 July 1954
14 CAPT. Harris, David. Alonzo USN 15 July 1954 - 17 July 1955
15 CAPT. Parker, Frank. Mahlon USN 17 July 1955 - 9 August. 1956
16 CAPT. Strickler, Lyle Eugene USN 9 August 1956 - 14 September 1957
17 CAPT. Hutchinson, George USN 14 September 1957 - October 1958
18 CAPT. Nicholson, Richard Philip USN October 1958 - 23 January 1960
19 CAPT. Boles, Warren Chandler USN 23 January 1960 - 27 December 1960
20 CAPT. Cameron, Gerald Leo USN 27 December 1960 - 7 February 1962
21 CAPT. Easterling, Henry McCloy USN 7 February 1962 - May 1963
22 CAPT. Cochrane, Richard Lull USN May 1963 - May 1964
23 CAPT. Kendrick, David Charles USN May 1964- 28 May 1965
24 CAPT. Anson, Henry Osgood USN 28 May 1965 - 21 May 1966
25 CAPT. Faulk, Joseph Roy USN 21 May 1966 - 18 August 1967
26 CAPT. Hussey, Patrick Francis USN 18 August 1967 - 24 July 1968
27 LCDR. Conti, Francis Allen USN 24 July 1968 - 1 October 1968

 

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

USN_Units

USS Cavalier (APA-37) underway off Hong Kong, 1959
Career
Name: USS Cavalier (APA-37)
Builder: Western Pipe & Steel
Laid down: 10 December 1942
Launched: 15 March 1943
Sponsored by: Mrs M W Jackson
Acquired: 19 July 1943
Commissioned: 16 January 1944
Decommissioned: 1968
Struck: 1 October 1968
Identification: MC hull type C3-S-A2, MC hull no. 276
Honors and
awards: Five battle stars for World War II service, four for Korean War service and five for the Vietnam War
Fate: Scrapped, 1969
General characteristics
Class and type: Bayfield-class attack transport
Displacement: 8,100 tons (lt), 16,100 t (fl)
Length: 492 ft (150 m)
Beam: 69 ft 6 in (21.18 m)
Draft: 26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)
Propulsion: 1 x General Electric geared turbine, 2 x Combustion Engineering D-type boilers, 1 x propeller, designed shaft horsepower 8,500
Speed: 18 knots
Boats and landing
craft carried: 12 x LCVPs, 4 x LCMs (Mk-6), 3 x LCP(L)s (MK-IV)
Capacity: 200,000 cu ft, 4,700 tons
Troops: 80 officers, 1,146 enlisted; flag 43 officers, 108 enlisted
Complement: 51 officers, 524 enlisted
Armament: 2 x single 5"/38 dual purpose guns, one fore and one aft, 2 x twin 40mm guns, 2 x single 40mm AA guns, 18 x 20mm guns

USS Cavalier (AP-82/APA-37) was a Bayfield-class attack transport in the United States Navy. She was named for Cavalier County, North Dakota.
Cavalier was reclassified APA-37, 1 February 1943; launched 15 March 1943 by the Western Pipe and Steel Company, San Francisco, California; sponsored by Mrs. M. W. Jackson; acquired 19 July 1943; fitted out as an attack transport by Bethlehem Steel Co., Hoboken, New Jersey; and commissioned 15 January 1944, Captain R. T. Mc-Elliott, USCG, in command.


World War II


Cavalier cleared Davisville, Rhode Island on 17 February 1944 with men and equipment of two construction battalions, whom she disembarked at Honolulu 16 March.


Cesar Romero


In October, 1942, film star Cesar Romero voluntarily enlisted in the U.S. Coast Guard and served in the Pacific Theatre. He reported aboard the Coast Guard-manned assault transport USS Cavalier (APA-37) in November, 1943 and saw action at Tinian and Saipan. He preferred to be a regular part of the crew and was eventually promoted to the rank of chief Boatswain's Mate.


Invasion of Saipan


After special amphibious training in the Hawaiian Islands, she sailed by way of Kwajalein for the invasion beaches of Saipan in the Joint Expeditionary Force Reserve. When stiff Japanese resistance was encountered on D-Day, 15 June, Cavalier's group was summoned to unload reinforcements, and landings began at dusk on 16 June.
Working at top speed, since the Japanese fleet was known to be approaching, Cavalier landed her troops, but was ordered to retire before she could get off the artillery she carried. Leaving many of her boats behind for shuttle duty, she drew away to the east while the classic air Battle of the Philippine Sea was fought, then returned to the beachhead area on 25 June to complete offloading artillery and to embark casualties. Next day, Cavalier cleared for Eniwetok, where the wounded were put ashore, and cargo, including 37 tons of dynamite for use in underwater demolition, was loaded.


Invasion of Tinian


Returning to Saipan 13 July 1944, Cavalier delivered her cargo, and loaded troops and vehicles of the 2nd Marines for the assault on Tinian. She arrived off Tinian's "White Beach" on 24 July, successfully landed troops and vehicles, loaded casualties, and sailed on 28 July for Pearl Harbor.


Invasion of Leyte


After brief repairs, Cavalier joined in rehearsal landings in the Hawaiians, and on 15 September 1944, sailed for Manus, and final preparations for the Leyte landings, first step in the liberation of the Philippines. With the Southern Attack Force, she sailed on 14 October, and after a quiet passage, arrived off Dulag, Leyte on 20 October. Thorough planning and training paid off. Cavalier's boats landed troops and equipment smoothly. She remained off the beach, completing her unloading and receiving casualties, until 23 October, when she cleared for Manus on the eve of the Battle for Leyte Gulf.


Invasion of Luzon


After disembarking casualties at Manus, Cavalier sailed to New Guinea to load reinforcements, with whom she returned to Leyte on 18 November 1944. Then she returned to New Guinea to train for the Lingayen assault, for which she sailed 28 December in the San Fabian Attack Force. They suffered enemy air and surface attacks en route. On the night of 7 January 1945, Cavalier made the first radar contact with the Japanese destroyer Hinoki, later destroyed by the accompanying escorts of her group. Still later, other ships of her force were damaged by kamikazes.


On 9 January, Cavalier took position to launch her boats on White Beach where Japanese mortar fire damaged many of her barges. Unhesitatingly her men carried out assigned duties, although six were injured during the day. Three more were injured, one mortally, by exploding shrapnel during the dusk attack by suicide planes. As she retired from Lingayen Gulf next day, her gunners took a suicide plane under fire, only to see it crash into DuPage.


Invasion of Northern Luzon


Cavalier loaded troops at Leyte, and on 26 January 1945 stood out for the northern Luzon landings on 29 January. Since Philippine guerillas had secured the assault area 2 days previously, no opposition was met, and Cavalier set sail for Leyte the same day.


Struck by torpedo


On 30 January, while off Manila Bay, she was suddenly shaken by a violent underwater explosion, presumably a torpedo fired from the Japanese submarine RO-115. Hit port side aft, Cavalier suffered 50 men injured, some flooding, and buckled decks. Engines stopped and steerageway was lost. Flooding and damage were quickly controlled, but since her propeller was jammed, she had to be towed by USS Rail to Leyte, arriving 4 February. Repairs there and at Pearl Harbor continued through 12 September.


Postwar service


Sailing from Pearl Harbor to the Philippines, Cavalier embarked military passengers for transportation to San Francisco, where she arrived on 1 November 1945.


Tours of duty to China


From 1 January to 22 February 1946, she voyaged to Samar, Guam, Eniwetok, and Kwajalein, again to load passengers for San Francisco. Repairs there preceded a tour of duty off China from 5 May 1946 to 30 April 1947, from which she returned to San Diego.


A second tour of China duty from 25 March to 9 December 1948 found Cavalierpicking up refugees, taking them to Shanghai and transporting rice furnished by American relief agencies for Chinese refugees at Tsingtao. Three short cruises to mid-Pacific islands preceded a deployment to the Far East for which she sailed 3 April 1950.

Korean War

Thus Cavalier was in Japanese waters upon the outbreak of the Korean War. She quickly prepared for the first amphibious landing of the conflict, and on 15 July 1950, sailed from Yokosuka with troops of the 1st Cavalry. They landed at Pohang on 18 July, and Cavalier returned to Yokosuka on 23 July.


Assigned to the daring Inch'ŏn invasion, Cavalier next cleared Yokosuka on 3 September, paused at newly secured Pusan from 5 to 12 September, and in the early evening of 15 September, came into position to begin the arduous landings over the seawalls of Inch'ŏn, against enemy resistance which stiffened with each assault wave. Cavalier remained off Inch'ŏn, receiving casualties, until 20 September, when she cleared for Yokosuka. In October, she carried men and ammunition to both Inch'ŏn and Wŏnsan, and on 1 November, cleared for San Diego, overhaul, and local training.
On 14 July 1951, laden with Marines, Cavalier once more departed San Diego for the Far East. Arriving at Kobe, Japan on 29 July, she replenished, and loaded additional small arms ammunition and provisions. On 5 August, she put into Pusan to offload men and cargo, returning to Japan for training operations through the fall. From 27 November to 7 December, she carried men and vehicles of the 45th Infantry to Inch'ŏn, and after operations in Japanese waters and a visit to Hong Kong, made a similar voyage to Inch'ŏn late in January 1952.


Cavalier returned to the West Coast on 23 April 1952, and took part in intensive training along the California coast and in Hawaii until 3 July 1953, when she again sailed for Yokosuka. From 1 to 27 August, she was at Inch'ŏn, aiding in the transfer of prisoners of war under the Korean Armistice Agreement, and after amphibious landing exercises off Japan, Okinawa, and Iwo Jima, returned to Long Beach, California on 23 April 1954.




Peacetime service


From the close of the Korean War through 1960, Cavalier completed three tours of duty in the Far East, from 11 January to 4 October 1956; from 10 February through 12 December 1959; and from 16 February to 25 July 1960. Cavalier completed further tours in the Far East in the 1960's.


Vietnam war


Cavalier took part in a number of operations during the Vietnam War, from early 1966 until May 1968.


Decommission


Shortly after her final Vietnam tour of duty, Cavalier was decommissioned. She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 October 1968, and sold for scrap in 1969.


Awards


Cavalier received five battle stars for World War II service, four for Korean War service, and five for the Vietnam War.


References


Cavalier APA-37 - DANFS Online.
AP-82/APA-37 Cavalier - Navsource Online.
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.