Unit Details

USS Henrico (APA-45)

NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USN_Units
Contributed by Mike Smolinski

USS Henrico (LPA-45)
ex
USS Henrico (APA-45) (1943 - 1969)

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International Radio Call Sign:
November - Kilo - India - Golf
NKIG
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
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Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive) - Navy Unit Commendation
Second Row - Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation - China Service Medal (extended) - American Campaign Medal
Third Row - Europe-Africa-Middle Campaign Medal (2) - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal
Fourth Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - National Defense Service Medal (2) - Korean Service Medal (9)
Fifth Row - Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (Cuba, Vietnam) - Vietnam Service Medal (1) - Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation (3)
Sixth Row - United Nations Service Medal - Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal - Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive)
Individual Awards
USN_Units
Purple Heart (49 KIA, Okinawa, 2 April 1945)

Bayfield Class Attack Transport:
  • Laid down, date unknown, as SS Sea Darter, a Maritime Commission type (C3-S-A2) hull, under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 393) at Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, MS.
  • Assigned to the Navy as Naval Transport (AP-90)
  • Reclassified Attack Transport (APA-45), 1 February 1943
  • Launched, 31 March 1943
  • Acquired by the Navy, 23 June 1943
  • Placed in partial commission, 24 June 1943 through 8 July 1943, for transit to her fitting out yard at Bethlehem Steel Co., Hoboken, N.J.
  • Commissioned in full USS Henrico (APA-45), 26 November 1943, CDR. J. H. Willis in command
  • During World War II USS Henrico served in both the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and the Asiatic-Pacific Theater where she was assigned as squadron flagship for TransRon Twenty-Three, COMO. A. S. Witherspoon, TransDiv Sixty-Seven for the Okinawa Gunto operation
  • Henrico participated in the following campaigns during World War II:
    USN_Units 
    Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign
    USN_Units 
    Asiatic-Pacific Campaign
    Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944 Okinawa Gunto operation 
    Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 25 May to 14 April 1945
    Invasion of southern France, 15 August to 25 September 1944  

  • Following World War II USS Henrico was assigned to Occupation and China service in the Far East for the following periods:
    USN_Units
    Navy Occupation Service Medal
    USN_Units
    China Service Medal (extended)
    21 to 28 April 1947 21 March to 20 April 1947
      29 April to 2 July 1947
      16 to 30 July 1947
      28 July 1948 to 8 February 1949
      18 February to 4 March 1951
      3 to 21 February 1952
      26 January to 14 February 1955

  • USS Henrico (APA-45) was assigned to Joint Task Force 1, Task Unit 1.3.1 Transportation Group (Transportation Division (TRANSDIV 31) for Operation Crossroads the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll in July 1946
  • During the Korean War USS Henrico participated in the following campaigns:
    USN_Units
    Korean War Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    North Korean Aggression 
    1 August to 12 September 1950 
    18 September to 31 October 1950
    Second Korean Winter 
    5 to 6, 17 to 18 and 28 to 29 December 1951 
    11 January 1952
    Communist China Aggression 
    19 November to 29 December 1950
    Korean Defense Summer-Fall 1952 
    5 to 12 and 21 to 26 June 1952
    Inchon Landing 
    13 to 17 September 1950
    Third Korean Winter 
    17 to 30 April 1952
    First UN Counter Offensive 
    5 to 11 February 1951
    Korean Summer-Fall 1953 
    1 to 19 May 1953 
    29 May to 1 June 1953 
    16 and 22 to 25 July 1953
    UN Summer-Fall Offensive 
    6 to 7 November 1951 
    13 to 14 November 1951
     

  • During the Vietnam War USS Henrico participated in the following campaign:
    USN_Units USN_Units
    Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal Vietnam Service Medal
    Campaigns and Dates Campaigns and Dates
    USN_Units Vietnam Advisory Campaign 
    29 June to 9 July 1959 
    29 January to 1 February 1965 
    7 February to 13 March 1965 
    13 to 20 April 1965 
    3 to 13 May 1965 
    20 to 22 May 196
    USN_Units Vietnamese Counteroffensive - Phase II 
    26 to 31 August 1966 
    15 to 30 September 1966 
    26 October to 6 November 1966 
    31 December 1966 to 16 January 1967 
    24 February to 24 March 1967

  • Decommissioned, 14 February 1968
  • Transferred to the Maritime Administration (MARAD), 21 February 1968, for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Olympia, WA.
  • Title transferred to MARAD, 3 July 1968
  • Designation changed to Amphibious Transport (LPA-45), 1 January 1969
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 1 June 1973
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping by MARAD, 16 March 1976, to Nicolai Joffe Corp.
  • USS Henrico earned three battle stars for World War II service and nine battle stars for Korean War service plus a Navy Unit Commendation and one campaign star for Vietnam War service
    Specifications: 
    Displacement 8,100 t.(lt), 16,100 t.(fl) 
    Length 492' 
    Beam 69' 6" 
    Draft 26' 6" 
    Speed 18.4 kts.
  • Complement
    Officers 54
    Enlisted 450
    Flag Accommodations
    Officers 43
    Enlisted 108
    Troop Accommodations
    Officers 87
    Enlisted 1,452
    Largest Boom Capacity 30 t.
    Cargo Capacity, 4,700 DWT
    175,000 Cu ft
    Boats
    twelve LCVPs
    four LCM (Mk-6)s
    three LCP(L) (MK-IV)s
    Armament
    two single 5"/38 cal dual purpose gun mounts, one fore and one aft
    four twin 40mm AA gun mounts
    eighteen single 20mm AA gun mounts
    Fuel Capacities
    NSFO 8,310 bbls
    Diesel 750 Bbls
    Propulsion
    one General Electric geared turbine
    two Foster-Wheeler D-type boilers, 465psi 765
    double General Electric Main Reduction Gears
    three turbo-drive 250Kw 240V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    one propeller, 8500shp
    Click On Image 
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    USN_Units 32k USS Henrico (APA-45) at anchor, date and location unknown. Hyperwar US Navy in World War II
    USN_Units 65k USS Henrico (APA-45) underway, date and location unknown.
    US Navy photo.
    Robert Hurst
    USN_Units 70k USS Henrico (APA-45) underway, circa 1943-45, location unknown.
    U.S. Naval Institute photo
     
    USN_Units 69k USS Henrico (APA-45) at anchor circa Korean War - Cold War era (1950s)
    U.S. Naval Institute photo
     
    USN_Units 341k USS Henrico (APA-45) at anchor, date and location unknown.
    Photo by Ronald Roy SMC USN Ret.
    Scott Nelson for his Grandfather Ronald Roy SMC USN Ret. USS Atlas  
    USN_Units 65k USS Henrico (APA-45) underway, circa Vietnam era (1960s)
    U.S. Naval Institute photo
    Archie Mustard
    USN_Units 48k USS Henrico (APA-45) at anchor, date and location unknown.
    US Navy photo
    Stanley C. Svec

    USS Henrico Additional Ships Patches
    Contributed by Mike Smolinski

    USN_Units USN_Units

    Commanding Officers
    01 CAPT. Willis, John Howard :RADM 26 November 1943 - 18 March 1945
    02 CAPT. France, William Cook (KIA) 18 March 1945 - 2 April 1945
    03 LT. Craig, William Davis 2 April 1945 - 19 April 1945
    04 CAPT. Willis, John Howard, CAPT :RADM 19 April 1945 - 27 June 1945
    05 CAPT. Williams, Jack Bankhead 27 June 1945 - 4 January 1947
    06 CAPT. Von Kleeck Jr., Ernest St.Clair 4 January 1947 - 12 April 1948
    07 CAPT. Tibbetts, Frank Pixley 12 April 1948 - 26 March 1949
    08 CAPT. Woolleson, Henry Dean 26 March 1949 - 1 June 1950
    09 CAPT. Fradd, John Ernest :RADM 1 June 1950 - 29 July 1951
    10 CAPT. Taylor, Howard William 29 July 1951 - 30 July 1952
    11 CAPT. Nutting, Kelvin Lightfoot 30 July 1952 - 20 August 1953
    12 CAPT. Jones, Lafayette Jackson 20 August 1953 - 22 October 1954
    13 CAPT. Hill Jr., Andrew Jewell :RADM 22 October 1954 - 29 September 1955
    14 CAPT. Coleman, Walter Daniel 29 September 1955 - 28 September 1956
    15 CAPT. Ferguson, Glover Trenholm 28 September 1956 - 16 November 1957
    16 CAPT. Christie, Gerald Louis 16 November 1957 - 7 December 1958
    17 CAPT. Shea Jr., William Henry 7 December 1958 - 15 December 1959
    18 CAPT. Rhodemyre, John Lynn 15 December 1959 - 20 January 1961
    19 CAPT. Hayes, Richard Michael 20 January 1961 - 18 July 1962
    20 CAPT. Dolan, John Henry 18 July 1962 - 14 September 1963
    21 CAPT. Rosania, Hugh James, USN (43) 14 September 1963 - 17 September 1964
    22 CAPT. Dankworth Jr., Edwin George 17 September 1964 - 2 September 1965
    23 CAPT. Durham, Harold Dean 2 July 1965 - 5 August 1966
    24 CAPT. Williams, Harlan Dale 5 August 1966 - 10 October 1967
    25 CAPT. Perez, Raul Brown 10 October 1967 - 14 February 1968
    Henrico(APA-45: dp. 8.100 (It.) ; l. 492'; b. 69'6" : dr. 26'6" ; s. 16 k.; cpl. 479 ; a. 2 5", 8 40mm.; cl. Bay field; T. C3-S-A2)

    A county in Virginia.

    Henrico (APA-45), originally Sea Darter, was launched 31 March 1943 under Maritime Commission contract by Ingalls Shipbuilding Co., Pascagoula, Miss.; sponsored by Mrs. W. D. Pelan; acquired 23 June 1943; and commissioned next day for transfer to her conversion yard, Bethlehem Steel Co., Hoboken, N.J. Decommissioned 8 July 1943, Henrico was converted into AP-90 and recommissioned 26 November 1943, Comdr. J. H. Willis in command.

    Following shakedown training in Chesapeake Bay, the attack transport remained to train Army combat teams before departing Norfolk for New York 2 February 1944. Arriving next day, Henrico embarked troops and sailed for Scotland 11 February. Arriving the Firth of Clyde 22 February, the ship began strenuous amphibious training in preparation for the invasion of Normandy.

    Henrico embarked her invasion troops 26 May at Portland, England, and sailed 5 June as a part of Rear Admiral Hall's Omaha Beach Assault Force. On the following day, the world's greatest amphibious invasion took place.Henrico landed her troops in the first assault wave in the face of heavy seas and strong enemy fortifications. As the tempo of fighting increased, the ship received casualties from the beaches, returning to Portland later on D-day. As the all-important assault area was secured and the advance began, Henrico stood by for shuttle duty, finally sailing for the Firth of Clyde 19 June.

    With the liberation of France underway, the transport sailed 4 July 1944 to the Mediterranean for the invasion of the southern coast of France. Arriving 16 July at Naples, Henrico took part in amphibious rehearsals before departing 13 August from Oastellamare for the invasion area. She landed her troops at Bale de Pompelonne against light opposition and departed the next day for Oran, Algeria. For the next 2 months she brought troops and cargo into the beach area and on her last shuttle brought English and Polish repatriates to Naples.

    Henrico sailed from Naples 17 October 1944, arriving Boston 8 November to prepare for duty in the western Pacific. She departed Norfolk with troops and replacement boats 13 December, steaming via the Panama Canal and San Diego to Pearl Harbor, where she arrived 23 January 1945. Five days later she sailed for the Philippines, arriving Leyte 21 February after stops at various Pacific bases. In the Philippines the ship engaged in amphibious exercises leading to the invasion of Okinawa, last operation on the long island road to Japan itself.

    The veteran ship was assigned to the Kerama Retto attack group under Rear Admiral Kiland, and began the landing 26 March. The important islands, needed as a base for the invasion of nearby Okinawa, were secured 30 March.Henrico retired at night during the operation, and Japanese air attacks were nearly constant. While retiring 2 April, the ship was attacked by a fast suicide bomber diving out of a cloud formation. Although Henrico quickly brought guns to bear, the plane crashed into the starboard side of the bridge, her bombs exploding below. The ship lost power but her well-trained fire parties soon brought the flames under control. Forty-nine officers and men were killed in this attack, including Henrico's captain, her embarked division commander, and the two troop commanders. Her executive officer took command, however, and brought the ship to Kerama Retto. She sailed under her own power for San Francisco 14 April and arrived 13 May, having contributed much to the decisive compaign in the Pacific.

    Henrico sailed from San Francisco Bay 1 September with replacement troops for the Philippines. She continued to serve the "Magic Carpet" fleet assigned to return the thousands of American soldiers from the Pacific, until May 1946. She sailed 25 May from Pearl Harbor to take part in the atomic tests at Bikini, Operation "Crossroads." For the next 3 months Henrico supported these vital scientific experiments, returning to San Francisco 29 August 1946. After operations on the West Coast, she sailed 6 February 1947 for a cruise in the western Pacific, returning in July. From 6 July 1948 to 25 February 1949 the ship operated in the Tsingtao, China, area in support of American troops.

    Early in 1950 Henrico took part in amphibious exercises in the Caribbean, returning to San Diego 8 April 1950. Soon afterward peace was shattered by the invasion of South Korea, and Henrico was immediately called back to the western Pacific. As Korean and American ground troops struggled to stem the Communist advance, Henricoand other ships embarked the 1st Marine Brigade and sailed 12 July for Korea. She developed mechanical trouble which forced a return 2 days later, but skillful repair work had her at sea again 18 July and by 2 August she was with the original formation as they steamed into Pusan with the vitally needed troops.

    In the early stages of the Korean Conflict, Henrico played an important part. She landed troops at the decisive Inchon beachhead 15 September 1950, one of the most brilliantly executed amphibious operations in history; and, as United Nations troops swept northward, she sailed to various ports deploying and supplying the soldiers. In November Chinese troops made their appearance on a massive scale, and by December U.N. ground units in the Wonsan-Hungnam area were cut off. During December Henrico and other ships evacuated thousands of soldiers from the two ports to stabilize the lines farther south. Command of the sea had again, as so many times in history, meant the critical difference.

    The veteran attack transport arrived Seattle 22 March 1951, and after repairs and amphibious exercises sailed again for Korea 16 October 1951. During this second tour she carried troops to strategic points on the coast, and took part in amphibious operations for training purposes. She arrived San Diego 26 July 1952, and in September returned to Pearl Harbor for repairs and training.

    Henrico sailed again for Korean waters 7 March 1953. resuming the important job of redeploying troops along the coasts and to Japan. During July and August she operated between Pusan and Japan, and joined in the transfer of prisoners following the armistice agreement. For her outstanding performance during the first months of the conflict, Henrico was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation.

    Arriving San Francisco 24 August 1953, the attack transport engaged in coastal training operations for the next year. She sailed for another tour in the Far East 24 October 1954, and participated in an amphibious training exercise in December. As war over the Tachen Islands threatened in February, Henrico and other naval units moved in 8 February 1955 to evacuate Nationalist Chinese troops. After arriving Keelung, Formosa, 13 February; she carried troops between the Philippines and Hong Kong before returning to San Diego 22 April 1955.

    Hereafter the ship deployed annually to the western Pacific with the 7th Fleet to engage in amphibious warfare training exercises in Korea, in Okinawa, and in the Philippines, contributing to the combat readiness of both United States Marines and the troops of SBATO members.

    Henrico was diverted to the Caribbean Sea 27 October 1962 after deployment of communist missiles in Cuba brought a swift and strict American quarantine of the island. Henrico arrived on the scene 5 November. Her embarked Marines provided part of a ready force to supplement the naval blockade if this proved necessary. When the missiles were removed, the crisis subsided, and Henrico departed the Caribbean 6 December for San Diego, Calif., arriving 15 December.

    The ship resumed amphibious training duties on the West Coast until 16 December 1964, when she deployed again with the 7th Fleet in the western Pacific. Loading a Marine Battalion Landing Team at Okinawa, the ship departed 11 January 1965 for Hong Kong, arriving 14 January. On 20 January she commenced special operations in the South China Sea as the 7th Fleet joined in the intensive buildup of strength in southeast Asia.

    In an impressive display of mobile power, Henrico disembarked her Marines at Da Nang, South Vietnam, in early March, returned to Okinawa for a second landing team which reached Da Nang 15 April. By 21 April, the ship embarked a third landing team bound for Chu Lai, South Vietnam. Offloading these troops 7 May, Henrico made a fourth passage to Okinawa to return with the headquarters unit of the 3d Marine Division, which arrived in Chu Lai 21 May.

    Following her performance off South Vietnam, the ship sailed from Yokosuka, Japan, 28 May for San Diego, arriving 16 June. During the next 13 months Henrico operated out of San Diego along the coast of Southern California, conducting squadron exercises and supporting amphibious training operations. After embarking Marines at San Diego, she sailed for the Far East 27 July, and debarked her passengers at Da Nang a month later. During the next 7 months she carried troop reinforcements and replacements from Okinawa and the Philippines to American bases in South Vietnam. In addition she ranged the coastal waters of Vietnam from the demilitarized zone to the Mekong Delta, supporting important amphibious assaults against Viet Cong coastal strongholds. She departed Vietnam late in March 1967 and returned to San Diego the following month. Maintaining her readiness in support of amphibious assult operations, Henrico into mid-1967 remained ready to resume her important duty as part of America's powerful naval force in the Far Bast.

    Henrico earned three battle stars for World War II service and nine for Korean War service. She won a Navy Unit Commendation in Korea.

    Published:Wed Jul 15 10:20:28 EDT 2015

     

     

    USS Henrico (APA-45)

    USN_Units

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search USS Henrico (APA-45), Vietnam era (1960s).

    Career Name: USS Henrico (APA-45)

    Namesake: Henrico County, Virginia

    Builder: Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Mississippi

    Laid down: Unknown

    Launched: 31 March 1943

    Sponsored by: Mrs. W. D. Pelan

    Christened: SS Sea Darter Acquired: 23 June 1943

     Commissioned: 26 November 1943

    Decommissioned: 14 February 1968

    Reclassified: AP-90 to APA-45, 1 February 1943

    APA-45 to LPA-45, 1 January 1969

    Struck: 1 June 1973 Honors and awards:

    3 battle stars (World War II)

    9 battle stars & Navy Unit Commendation (Korea)

    1 campaign star (Vietnam)

    Fate: Sold by MARAD, 1 October 1979, fate unknown.

     General characteristics [1] Class and type: Bayfield-class attack transport Displacement: 8,100 long tons (8,230 t) light 16,100 long tons (16,358 t) full

    Length: 492 ft (150 m)

    Beam: 69 ft 6 in (21.18 m)

    Draft: 26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)

    Propulsion: General Electric geared turbine 2 Foster Wheeler D-type boilers 8,500 shp (6,338 kW) single propeller Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) Boats and landing craft carried: 12 LCVP 4 LCM (Mk.6) 3 LCPL (Mk.IV)

    Capacity: 4,500 tons (180,500 cu. ft).

    Troops: 80 officers, 1,146 enlisted

    Complement: Normal crew: 51 officers, 524 enlisted Flag staff: 43 officers, 108 enlisted

    Armament: 2 single 5"/38 caliber guns (fore and aft) 2 twin 40 mm AA guns 2 single 40 mm AA guns 18 single 20 mm AA guns USS Henrico (APA-45) was a Bayfield-class attack transport that served with the United States Navy in World War II, and subsequently in the Korean and Vietnam Wars.

    The ship was laid down as SS Sea Darter, a Type C3-S-A2 hull, under a Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 393)[2] by Ingalls Shipbuilding Co., Pascagoula, Mississippi.

    Assigned to the Navy as Naval Transport (AP-90), she was reclassified as Attack Transport (APA-45) on 1 February 1943.

    The ship was launched on 31 March 1943, sponsored by Mrs. W. D. Pelan, acquired by the Navy on 23 June 1943, and commissioned next day for transfer to Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Hoboken, New Jersey.

    Decommissioned on 8 July 1943, Henrico then fitted out, and recommissioned on 26 November 1943, Commander J. H. Willis in command.

     

    Contents [hide]

    1 Service history

    1.1 World War II, 19431945

    1.1.1 Normandy invasion

    1.1.2 Mediterranean operations

    1.1.3 To the Pacific

    1.1.4 Invasion of Okinawa

    1.2 Post-war activities, 19451949

    1.3 Korean War, 19501953

    1.4 Pacific deployments, 19531962

    1.5 Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962

    1.6 Vietnam War, 19641967

    1.7 Decommissioning and sale

    2 Awards

    3 References

    4 External links

    Service history World War II, 19431945 Following shakedown training in Chesapeake Bay, the attack transport remained to train Army combat teams before departing Norfolk for New York on 2 February 1944. Arriving the next day, Henrico embarked troops and sailed for Scotland on 11 February. Arriving at the Firth of Clyde on 22 February, the ship began amphibious training in preparation for the invasion of Normandy. Normandy invasion Henrico embarked her invasion troops on 26 May at Portland, England, and sailed on 5 June as a part of Rear Admiral John Hall's Omaha Beach Assault Force. On the following day, Henrico landed her troops in the first assault wave in the face of heavy seas and strong enemy fortifications. As the tempo of fighting increased, the ship received casualties from the beaches, returning to Portland later on "D-Day". As the assault area was secured and the advance began, Henrico stood by for shuttle duty, finally sailing for the Firth of Clyde on 19 June. Mediterranean operations With the liberation of France underway, the transport sailed on 4 July 1944 to the Mediterranean for the invasion of the southern coast of France. Arriving on 16 July at Naples, Henrico took part in amphibious rehearsals before departing on 13 August from Castellamare for the invasion area. She landed her troops at Baie de Pampelonne against light opposition and departed the next day for Oran, Algeria. For the next two months she brought troops and cargo into the beach area and on her last shuttle brought English and Polish repatriates to Naples. To the Pacific Henrico sailed from Naples on 17 October 1944, arriving at Boston on 8 November to prepare for duty in the western Pacific. She departed Norfolk with troops and replacement boats on 13 December, steaming via the Panama Canal and San Diego to Pearl Harbor, where she arrived on 23 January 1945.

    Five days later she sailed for the Philippines, arriving at Leyte on 21 February after stops at various Pacific bases. In the Philippines the ship engaged in amphibious exercises leading to the invasion of Okinawa, the last operation on the long island road to Japan itself. Invasion of Okinawa Assigned to the Kerama Retto attack group under Rear Admiral Kiland, Henrico began the landing on 26 March. The Kerama Islands were needed as a staging area for the invasion of nearby Okinawa and were secured on 30 March.

    The ship retired at night during the operation, and Japanese air attacks were nearly constant. While retiring on 2 April, the ship was attacked by a fast "Frances" kamikaze diving out of a cloud formation. Although Henrico quickly brought her guns to bear, the suicide bomber crashed into the bridge on the starboard side, her bombs exploding below. The ship lost power, but her fire parties soon brought the flames under control. Forty-nine officers and men were killed in the attack, including Henrico's captain, her embarked division commander, and the two troop commanders. Her Executive Officer took command, however, and brought the ship to Kerama Retto. She sailed under her own power for San Francisco on 14 April and arrived on 13 May.

    Post-war activities, 19451949 Henrico sailed from San Francisco Bay on 1 September with replacement troops for the Philippines. She continued to serve the "Magic Carpet" fleet assigned to return the thousands of American soldiers from the Pacific, until May 1946. She sailed on 25 May from Pearl Harbor to take part in the atomic tests at Bikini "Operation Crossroads". For the next three months Henrico supported these scientific experiments, returning to San Francisco on 29 August 1946.

    After operations on the West Coast, she sailed on 6 February 1947 for a cruise in the western Pacific, returning in July. From 6 July 1948 to 25 February 1949 the ship operated in the Tsingtao, China, area in support of American troops. Korean War, 19501953 Early in 1950 Henrico took part in amphibious exercises in the Caribbean, returning to San Diego on 8 April 1950.

    Soon afterward the invasion of South Korea began, and Henrico was immediately called back to the western Pacific. Henrico and other ships embarked the 1st Marine Brigade and sailed on 12 July for Korea. She developed mechanical trouble which forced a return two days later, but repair work had her at sea again on 18 July, and by 2 August she was with the original formation as they steamed into Pusan with the vitally-needed troops. Henrico played an important part in the early stages of the Korean War. She landed troops at the Inch'ŏn beachhead on 15 September 1950; and, as United Nations troops swept northward, she sailed to various ports deploying and supplying the soldiers. In November Chinese troops made their appearance on a massive scale, and by December U.N. ground units in the Wŏnsan-Hŭngnam area were cut off. During December Henrico and other ships evacuated thousands of soldiers from the two ports to stabilize the lines farther south. The attack transport arrived at Seattle on 22 March 1951, and after repairs and amphibious exercises sailed again for Korea on 16 October 1951. During this second tour she carried troops to strategic points on the coast, and took part in amphibious operations for training purposes. She arrived back at San Diego on 26 July 1952, and in September returned to Pearl Harbor for repairs and training. Henrico sailed again for Korean waters on 7 March 1953, resuming the job of redeploying troops along the coasts and to Japan. During July and August she operated between Pusan and Japan, and joined in the transfer of prisoners following the armistice agreement. For her outstanding performance during the first months of the conflict, Henrico was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation. Pacific deployments, 19531962 Arriving at San Francisco on 24 August 1953, the attack transport engaged in coastal training operations for the next year. She sailed for another tour in the Far East on 24 October 1954, and participated in an amphibious training exercise in December. As war over the Tachen Islands threatened in February, Henrico and other naval units moved in on 8 February 1955 to evacuate Nationalist Chinese troops. After arriving Keelung, Formosa, on 13 February; she carried troops between the Philippines and Hong Kong before returning to San Diego on 22 April 1955. Hereafter the ship deployed annually to the western Pacific with the 7th Fleet to engage in amphibious warfare training exercises in Korea, in Okinawa, and in the Philippines, contributing to the combat readiness of both United States Marines and the troops of SEATO members. Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 Henrico was diverted to the Caribbean Sea on 27 October 1962 after the deployment of Soviet missiles in Cuba brought a swift and strict American quarantine of the island. Henrico arrived on the scene on 5 November. Her embarked Marines provided part of a ready force to supplement the naval blockade if this proved necessary. When the missiles were removed, the crisis subsided, and Henrico departed the Caribbean on 6 December for San Diego, California, arriving on 15 December. Vietnam War, 19641967 The ship resumed amphibious training duties on the West Coast until 16 December 1964, when she deployed again with the 7th Fleet in the western Pacific. Loading a Marine Battalion Landing Team at Okinawa, the ship departed on 11 January 1965 for Hong Kong, arriving on 14 January. On 20 January she commenced special operations in the South China Sea as the 7th Fleet joined in the intensive buildup of strength in southeast Asia. Henrico disembarked her Marines at Da Nang, South Vietnam, in early March, returning to Okinawa for a second landing team which reached Da Nang on 15 April. By 21 April, the ship embarked a third landing team bound for Chu Lai, South Vietnam. Offloading these troops on 7 May, Henrico made a fourth passage to Okinawa to return with the headquarters unit of the 3rd Marine Division, which arrived in Chu Lai on 21 May. Following her performance off South Vietnam, the ship sailed from Yokosuka, Japan, on 28 May for San Diego, arriving on 16 June. During the next 13 months Henrico operated out of San Diego along the coast of Southern California, conducting squadron exercises and supporting amphibious training operations. After embarking Marines at San Diego, she sailed for the Far East on 27 July, and debarked her passengers at Da Nang a month later. During the next seven months she carried troop reinforcements and replacements from Okinawa and the Philippines to American bases in South Vietnam. In addition she ranged the coastal waters of Vietnam from the demilitarized zone to the Mekong Delta, supporting amphibious assaults against Viet Cong coastal strongholds. She departed Vietnam late in March 1967 and returned to San Diego the following month. Decommissioning and sale Henrico was decommissioned on 14 February 1968. Held in reserve, she was redesignated LPA-45, on 1 January 1969, and finally struck from the Navy List on 1 June 1973. The ship was sold by MARAD on 1 October 1979.

    USS Henrico (APA-45)

    USN_Units

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search USS Henrico (APA-45), Vietnam era (1960s).

    Career Name: USS Henrico (APA-45)

    Namesake: Henrico County, Virginia

    Builder: Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Mississippi

    Laid down: Unknown

    Launched: 31 March 1943

    Sponsored by: Mrs. W. D. Pelan

    Christened: SS Sea Darter Acquired: 23 June 1943

     Commissioned: 26 November 1943

    Decommissioned: 14 February 1968

    Reclassified: AP-90 to APA-45, 1 February 1943

    APA-45 to LPA-45, 1 January 1969

    Struck: 1 June 1973 Honors and awards:

    3 battle stars (World War II)

    9 battle stars & Navy Unit Commendation (Korea)

    1 campaign star (Vietnam)

    Fate: Sold by MARAD, 1 October 1979, fate unknown.

     General characteristics [1] Class and type: Bayfield-class attack transport Displacement: 8,100 long tons (8,230 t) light 16,100 long tons (16,358 t) full

    Length: 492 ft (150 m)

    Beam: 69 ft 6 in (21.18 m)

    Draft: 26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)

    Propulsion: General Electric geared turbine 2 Foster Wheeler D-type boilers 8,500 shp (6,338 kW) single propeller Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) Boats and landing craft carried: 12 LCVP 4 LCM (Mk.6) 3 LCPL (Mk.IV)

    Capacity: 4,500 tons (180,500 cu. ft).

    Troops: 80 officers, 1,146 enlisted

    Complement: Normal crew: 51 officers, 524 enlisted Flag staff: 43 officers, 108 enlisted

    Armament: 2 single 5"/38 caliber guns (fore and aft) 2 twin 40 mm AA guns 2 single 40 mm AA guns 18 single 20 mm AA guns USS Henrico (APA-45) was a Bayfield-class attack transport that served with the United States Navy in World War II, and subsequently in the Korean and Vietnam Wars.

    The ship was laid down as SS Sea Darter, a Type C3-S-A2 hull, under a Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 393)[2] by Ingalls Shipbuilding Co., Pascagoula, Mississippi.

    Assigned to the Navy as Naval Transport (AP-90), she was reclassified as Attack Transport (APA-45) on 1 February 1943.

    The ship was launched on 31 March 1943, sponsored by Mrs. W. D. Pelan, acquired by the Navy on 23 June 1943, and commissioned next day for transfer to Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Hoboken, New Jersey.

    Decommissioned on 8 July 1943, Henrico then fitted out, and recommissioned on 26 November 1943, Commander J. H. Willis in command.

     

    Contents [hide]

    1 Service history

    1.1 World War II, 19431945

    1.1.1 Normandy invasion

    1.1.2 Mediterranean operations

    1.1.3 To the Pacific

    1.1.4 Invasion of Okinawa

    1.2 Post-war activities, 19451949

    1.3 Korean War, 19501953

    1.4 Pacific deployments, 19531962

    1.5 Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962

    1.6 Vietnam War, 19641967

    1.7 Decommissioning and sale

    2 Awards

    3 References

    4 External links

    Service history World War II, 19431945 Following shakedown training in Chesapeake Bay, the attack transport remained to train Army combat teams before departing Norfolk for New York on 2 February 1944. Arriving the next day, Henrico embarked troops and sailed for Scotland on 11 February. Arriving at the Firth of Clyde on 22 February, the ship began amphibious training in preparation for the invasion of Normandy. Normandy invasion Henrico embarked her invasion troops on 26 May at Portland, England, and sailed on 5 June as a part of Rear Admiral John Hall's Omaha Beach Assault Force. On the following day, Henrico landed her troops in the first assault wave in the face of heavy seas and strong enemy fortifications. As the tempo of fighting increased, the ship received casualties from the beaches, returning to Portland later on "D-Day". As the assault area was secured and the advance began, Henrico stood by for shuttle duty, finally sailing for the Firth of Clyde on 19 June. Mediterranean operations With the liberation of France underway, the transport sailed on 4 July 1944 to the Mediterranean for the invasion of the southern coast of France. Arriving on 16 July at Naples, Henrico took part in amphibious rehearsals before departing on 13 August from Castellamare for the invasion area. She landed her troops at Baie de Pampelonne against light opposition and departed the next day for Oran, Algeria. For the next two months she brought troops and cargo into the beach area and on her last shuttle brought English and Polish repatriates to Naples. To the Pacific Henrico sailed from Naples on 17 October 1944, arriving at Boston on 8 November to prepare for duty in the western Pacific. She departed Norfolk with troops and replacement boats on 13 December, steaming via the Panama Canal and San Diego to Pearl Harbor, where she arrived on 23 January 1945.

    Five days later she sailed for the Philippines, arriving at Leyte on 21 February after stops at various Pacific bases. In the Philippines the ship engaged in amphibious exercises leading to the invasion of Okinawa, the last operation on the long island road to Japan itself. Invasion of Okinawa Assigned to the Kerama Retto attack group under Rear Admiral Kiland, Henrico began the landing on 26 March. The Kerama Islands were needed as a staging area for the invasion of nearby Okinawa and were secured on 30 March.

    The ship retired at night during the operation, and Japanese air attacks were nearly constant. While retiring on 2 April, the ship was attacked by a fast "Frances" kamikaze diving out of a cloud formation. Although Henrico quickly brought her guns to bear, the suicide bomber crashed into the bridge on the starboard side, her bombs exploding below. The ship lost power, but her fire parties soon brought the flames under control. Forty-nine officers and men were killed in the attack, including Henrico's captain, her embarked division commander, and the two troop commanders. Her Executive Officer took command, however, and brought the ship to Kerama Retto. She sailed under her own power for San Francisco on 14 April and arrived on 13 May.

    Post-war activities, 19451949 Henrico sailed from San Francisco Bay on 1 September with replacement troops for the Philippines. She continued to serve the "Magic Carpet" fleet assigned to return the thousands of American soldiers from the Pacific, until May 1946. She sailed on 25 May from Pearl Harbor to take part in the atomic tests at Bikini "Operation Crossroads". For the next three months Henrico supported these scientific experiments, returning to San Francisco on 29 August 1946.

    After operations on the West Coast, she sailed on 6 February 1947 for a cruise in the western Pacific, returning in July. From 6 July 1948 to 25 February 1949 the ship operated in the Tsingtao, China, area in support of American troops. Korean War, 19501953 Early in 1950 Henrico took part in amphibious exercises in the Caribbean, returning to San Diego on 8 April 1950.

    Soon afterward the invasion of South Korea began, and Henrico was immediately called back to the western Pacific. Henrico and other ships embarked the 1st Marine Brigade and sailed on 12 July for Korea. She developed mechanical trouble which forced a return two days later, but repair work had her at sea again on 18 July, and by 2 August she was with the original formation as they steamed into Pusan with the vitally-needed troops. Henrico played an important part in the early stages of the Korean War. She landed troops at the Inch'ŏn beachhead on 15 September 1950; and, as United Nations troops swept northward, she sailed to various ports deploying and supplying the soldiers. In November Chinese troops made their appearance on a massive scale, and by December U.N. ground units in the Wŏnsan-Hŭngnam area were cut off. During December Henrico and other ships evacuated thousands of soldiers from the two ports to stabilize the lines farther south. The attack transport arrived at Seattle on 22 March 1951, and after repairs and amphibious exercises sailed again for Korea on 16 October 1951. During this second tour she carried troops to strategic points on the coast, and took part in amphibious operations for training purposes. She arrived back at San Diego on 26 July 1952, and in September returned to Pearl Harbor for repairs and training. Henrico sailed again for Korean waters on 7 March 1953, resuming the job of redeploying troops along the coasts and to Japan. During July and August she operated between Pusan and Japan, and joined in the transfer of prisoners following the armistice agreement. For her outstanding performance during the first months of the conflict, Henrico was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation. Pacific deployments, 19531962 Arriving at San Francisco on 24 August 1953, the attack transport engaged in coastal training operations for the next year. She sailed for another tour in the Far East on 24 October 1954, and participated in an amphibious training exercise in December. As war over the Tachen Islands threatened in February, Henrico and other naval units moved in on 8 February 1955 to evacuate Nationalist Chinese troops. After arriving Keelung, Formosa, on 13 February; she carried troops between the Philippines and Hong Kong before returning to San Diego on 22 April 1955. Hereafter the ship deployed annually to the western Pacific with the 7th Fleet to engage in amphibious warfare training exercises in Korea, in Okinawa, and in the Philippines, contributing to the combat readiness of both United States Marines and the troops of SEATO members. Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 Henrico was diverted to the Caribbean Sea on 27 October 1962 after the deployment of Soviet missiles in Cuba brought a swift and strict American quarantine of the island. Henrico arrived on the scene on 5 November. Her embarked Marines provided part of a ready force to supplement the naval blockade if this proved necessary. When the missiles were removed, the crisis subsided, and Henrico departed the Caribbean on 6 December for San Diego, California, arriving on 15 December. Vietnam War, 19641967 The ship resumed amphibious training duties on the West Coast until 16 December 1964, when she deployed again with the 7th Fleet in the western Pacific. Loading a Marine Battalion Landing Team at Okinawa, the ship departed on 11 January 1965 for Hong Kong, arriving on 14 January. On 20 January she commenced special operations in the South China Sea as the 7th Fleet joined in the intensive buildup of strength in southeast Asia. Henrico disembarked her Marines at Da Nang, South Vietnam, in early March, returning to Okinawa for a second landing team which reached Da Nang on 15 April. By 21 April, the ship embarked a third landing team bound for Chu Lai, South Vietnam. Offloading these troops on 7 May, Henrico made a fourth passage to Okinawa to return with the headquarters unit of the 3rd Marine Division, which arrived in Chu Lai on 21 May. Following her performance off South Vietnam, the ship sailed from Yokosuka, Japan, on 28 May for San Diego, arriving on 16 June. During the next 13 months Henrico operated out of San Diego along the coast of Southern California, conducting squadron exercises and supporting amphibious training operations. After embarking Marines at San Diego, she sailed for the Far East on 27 July, and debarked her passengers at Da Nang a month later. During the next seven months she carried troop reinforcements and replacements from Okinawa and the Philippines to American bases in South Vietnam. In addition she ranged the coastal waters of Vietnam from the demilitarized zone to the Mekong Delta, supporting amphibious assaults against Viet Cong coastal strongholds. She departed Vietnam late in March 1967 and returned to San Diego the following month. Decommissioning and sale Henrico was decommissioned on 14 February 1968. Held in reserve, she was redesignated LPA-45, on 1 January 1969, and finally struck from the Navy List on 1 June 1973. The ship was sold by MARAD on 1 October 1979.